Epilepsy in institutionalized patients with encephalopathy: Clinical aspects and nosological considerations

E. Mariani, L. Ferini-Strambi, M. Sala, C. Erminio, S. Smirne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was designed to correlate the prevalence of epilepsy with the severity and type of encephalopathy of 1,023 institutionalized patients and tentatively classify each according to the Proposals of the Commission on Classification and Terminology of the International League Against Epilepsy. Of this sample, 326 individuals were diagnosed with epilepsy. Sex distribution and mean age in the epilepsy and no epilepsy groups were similar, but degree of handicap was higher for those with epilepsy. Of these individuals 32.5% had a partial form. Of the 204 patients with generalized epilepsy (62.5%), 64 had a form with electroclinical characteristics of the idiopathic type; 57, a syndromic form (53 cases with a Lennox-Gastaut syndrome); and 83, a nonsyndromic form. Degree of handicap and frequency of seizures were lower in subjects with partial epilepsy and with those having electroclinical characteristics of the idiopathic type.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-33
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal on Mental Retardation
Volume98
Issue numberSUPPL.
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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epilepsy
Brain Diseases
Epilepsy
Handicap
Generalized Epilepsy
Sex Distribution
Partial Epilepsy
Terminology
seizure
Seizures
technical language

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Education
  • Health Professions(all)

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Epilepsy in institutionalized patients with encephalopathy : Clinical aspects and nosological considerations. / Mariani, E.; Ferini-Strambi, L.; Sala, M.; Erminio, C.; Smirne, S.

In: American Journal on Mental Retardation, Vol. 98, No. SUPPL., 1993, p. 27-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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