Epileptic spikes in Rasmussen's encephalitis: Migratory pattern and short-term evolution. A MEG study

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Abstract

Objective We aimed this study at identifying cortical areas involved in the generation of interictal spikes in Rasmussen's Encephalitis (RE) patients using magnetoencephalography (MEG), at comparing spike localization with the degree of cortical atrophy detected by MRI, and at identifying short-term changes during the follow-up. Methods Five patients with RE underwent two MEG and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (six months interval). The sources of visually detected spikes were estimated using equivalent current dipoles technique; these were then superimposed on individual MRI and clustered; the locations of the clusters were related to the MRI stage of cortical atrophy. Results All patients showed spikes and clusters located in different cortical areas in both recordings; the locations had a limited correspondence with cortical atrophy. The second recordings showed changes in the localisation of spikes and clusters, and confirmed the dissimilarities with neuroradiological abnormalities. Conclusions The presence of clusters of spikes of variable localisation suggests that RE progresses in a multifocal and fluctuating manner. The cortical areas most involved in epileptogenesis did not completely coincide with the most atrophic areas. Significance MEG can contribute to evaluating multifocal hemispheric spikes in RE and to better understand the time course of epileptogenic process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1898-1905
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume128
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Cluster analysis
  • Epilepsy
  • Equivalent current dipoles
  • Magnetoencephalography
  • Rasmussen's encephalitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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