Eps15R is a tyrosine kinase substrate with characteristics of a docking protein possibly involved in coated pits-mediated internalization

Laura Coda, Anna Elisabetta Salcini, Stefano Confalonieri, Giuliana Pelicci, Tatiana Sorkina, Alexander Sorkin, Pier Giuseppe Pelicci, Pier Paolo Di Fiore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

eps15R was identified because of its relatedness to eps15, a gene encoding a tyrosine kinase substrate bearing a novel protein-protein interaction domain, called EH. In this paper, we report a biochemical characterization of the eps15R gene product(s). In NIH-3T3 cells, three proteins of 125, 108, and 76 kDa were specifically recognized by anti-eps15R sera. The 125-kDa species is a bona fide product of the eps15R gene, whereas p108 and p76 are most likely products of alternative splicing events. Eps15R protein(s) are tyrosine-phosphorylated following epidermal growth factor receptor activation in NIH-3T3 cells overexpressing the receptor, even at low levels of receptor occupancy, thus behaving as physiological substrates. A role for eps15R in clathrin-mediated endocytosis is suggested by its localization in plasma membrane-coated pits and in vivo association to the coated pits' adapter protein AP-2. Finally, we demonstrate that a sizable fraction of eps15R exists in the cell as a complex with eps15 and that its EH domains exhibit binding specificities that are partially distinct from those of eps15. We propose that eps15 and eps15R are multifunctional binding proteins that serve pleiotropic functions within the cell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3003-3012
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume273
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 30 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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