Erectile dysfunction in diabetic subjects in Italy

Domenico Fedele, Carlo Coscelli, Fausto Santeusanio, Angela Bortolotti, Liliane Chatenoud, Enrico Colli, Marina Landoni, Fabio Parazzini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - Our objective was to analyze the prevalence and risk factors for erectile dysfunction (ED) in men with diabetes in Italy in a cross- sectional study. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Eligible for the study were men aged 20-69 years with a diagnosis of IDDM or NIDDM who were observed on randomly selected days in 178 diabetes centers in Italy. ED was defined as a failure to achieve and maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance. RESULTS - Of the 9,868 diabetic men interviewed, 3,534 (35.8%) reported ED. The prevalence increased with age, from 4.6% in men aged 20-29 to 45.5% in those aged ≥60 years (test for trend, P = 0.0001). After taking into account the confounding role of age, men with NIDDM reported ED less frequently than did men with IDDM (odds ratio [OR], 0.7; 95% CI 0.6- 0.8). In comparison with men reporting diabetes lasting ≤5 years, the ORs for ED were 1.3 and 2.0 for subjects with diabetes lasting 6-10 and 11-30 years, respectively. In comparison with men with good metabolic control, the ORs for ED were 1.7 and 2.3 in men with fair and poor control, respectively. A history of diabetes-related arterial, retinal, or renal diseases and neuropathy was associated with an increased risk of ED. Finally, in comparison with never-smokers, the ORs for ED were 1.5 (95% CI 1.3-1.6) for current smokers and 1.4 (95% CI 1.3-1.6) for ex-smokers. The OR increased with number of cigarettes smoked per day: in comparison with men smoking

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1973-1977
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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