ERK5/MAPK is activated by TGFβ in hepatocytes and required for the GSK-3β-mediated Snail protein stabilization

Alessandra Marchetti, Marta Colletti, Angela Maria Cozzolino, Corinna Steindler, Mario Lunadei, Carmine Mancone, Marco Tripodi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 5 (ERK5) is a mitogen-activated protein kinase, specifically activated by MEK5, and involved in the regulation of many cellular functions including proliferation, survival, differentiation and apoptosis. MEK5/ERK5 module is an important element of different signal transduction pathways. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ERK5 participates to the signalling of the multifunctional cytokine TGFβ, known to play an important role in the regulation of hepatic growth. Here, we reported that ERK5 is phosphorylated and activated by TGFβ in hepatocytes, with a rapid and sustained kinetic, through a Src-dependent pathway. Moreover, we demonstrated that ERK5 participates to the TGFβ-induced Snail protein regulation being required for its stabilization. We also found that the functional inactivation of ERK5 impedes the TGFβ-mediated glycogen synthase kinase-3β inactivation suggesting this as mechanism responsible for ERK5-mediated Snail stabilization. Thus, results presented in this study uncovered for the first time a role for ERK5 in the TGFβ-induced cellular responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2113-2118
Number of pages6
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008

Keywords

  • ERK5
  • GSK-3β
  • Hepatocyte
  • Signal transduction
  • Snail
  • TGFβ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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