Erythrocyte calcium influx is related to severity of ventricular arrhythmias in uraemic patients

Laura Soldati, Donatella Adamo, Paolo Manunta, Paola Stella, Daniele Ciurlino, Donatella Spotti, Giorgio Slaviero, Marco Melandri, Daniele Cusi, Giuseppe Bianchi, Giuseppe Vezzoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Myocardial disorders are a remarkable cause of morbidity and mortality in chronic haemodialysed patients (HD). They could be favoured by alteration of cell Ca2+ handling. In previous studies we characterized an erythrocyte Ca2+ influx, sensitive to membrane potential and inhibited by Ca2+ antagonists. Since its maximal influx rate was decreased in HD patients, this study investigates if Ca2+ influx alterations are related to myocardial disorders in HD patients. Methods. Voltage-sensitive erythrocyte Ca2+ influx was measured in 30 healthy controls and in 53 patients (47 HD patients and six patients with left ventricular hypertrophy and normal kidney function), using fura 2. In 29 HD patients and in six healthy subjects Ca2+ influx was also determined in the presence of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in vitro. Patients were classified according to Lown's ventricular arrhythmias classification after 24-h Holter electrocardiograph (ECG) monitoring. Forty-six patients underwent echocardiography. Results. Voltage-sensitive erythrocyte Ca2+ influx was significantly reduced in HD patients. Maximal influx rate was significantly higher in HD patients of Lown's classes 3 and 4 (0.789±0.156 nmol/s, n=8; P2+ influx similar to that of normal subjects. Multiple regression indicates that LVM and Ca2+ influx were independently related to severity of arrhythmias. When added to the influx assay, PTH increased the maximal influx rate only in patients with ventricular arrhythmias. Conclusion. Myocardial dysfunction and altered ventricular excitability could be related in uraemic HD patients to alterations of calcium transport, as found in the erythrocyte model. Reduced resistance to PTH could contribute to this phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-90
Number of pages6
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Volume16
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Arrhythmias
  • Ca influx
  • Erythrocytes
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy
  • Parathyroid hormone
  • Uraemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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