Erythrocyte voltage-dependent calcium influx is reduced in hemodialyzed patients

Laura Soldati, Donatella Adamo, Simona Zerbi, Andrea Caumo, Renato Spaventa, Giuseppe Bianchi, Giuseppe Vezzoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Uremia displays increased cytosolic free calcium ([Ca2+](i)) in many different cell types, supporting the hypothesis of an altered Ca2+ transport modifying the functional activity of calcium signaling pathway. Methods. Thirty-five hemodialyzed patients and 20 age- matched subjects were studied. Erythrocyte resting [Ca2+](i) and Ca2+ influx were measured by the fluorescent Ca2+-sensitive dye fura-2. Results. We found an increase of resting [Ca2+](i) in erythrocytes from uremic hemodialyzed patients compared with matched healthy controls (103 ± 2.5 nM, N = 20, vs. 90 ± 4, N = 20, P <0.01). Moreover, we found an altered voltage-dependent Ca2+ influx showing a reduced transport rate (0.42 ± 0.03 nM/second vs. 0.74 ± 0.08, P <0.01). High levels of plasma parathyroid hormone (PTH) were related to augmented Ca2+ entry (r = 0.511, P <0.05), contributing to maintain a high level of [Ca2+](i). Hemodialysis had no effect on cell calcium level and Ca2+ influx indices. The therapy with Ca2+ antagonists did not modify the values of resting [Ca2+](i) or Ca2+ influx indices, but the correlation between PTH and influx indices was lost. Conclusions. In conclusion, we found evidence for an alteration of erythrocyte Ca2+ influx caused by uremic toxicity that could be related to some organ disorders in uremia. The chronic increase of cellular calcium may contribute to influx derangement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-197
Number of pages8
JournalKidney International
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Influx derangement
  • Intracellular calcium
  • Membrane potential
  • Parathyroid hormone
  • Uremia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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