Erythropoietin both protects from and reverses experimental diabetic neuropathy

Roberto Bianchi, Belgin Buyukakilli, Michael Brines, Costanza Savino, Guido Cavaletti, Norberto Oggioni, Giuseppe Lauria, Monica Borgna, Raffaella Lombardi, Burak Cimen, Ulku Comelekoglu, Arzu Kanik, Cengiz Tataroglu, Anthony Cerami, Pietro Ghezzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Erythropoietin (EPO) possesses generalized neuroprotective and neurotrophic actions. We tested the efficacy of recombinant human EPO (rhEPO) in preventing and reversing nerve dysfunction in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in rats. Two days after STZ [60 mg/kg of body weight (b.w.), i.p.], diabetic animals were administered rhEPO (40/μg/kg of b.w.) three times weekly for 5 weeks either immediately (preventive) before or after a 5-week delay (therapeutic) after induction of hyperglycemia or at a lower dose (8 μg/kg of b.w. once per week) for 8 weeks (prolonged). Tail-nerve conduction velocities (NCV) was assessed at 5 and 11 weeks for the preventive and therapeutic schedule, respectively. Compared to nondiabetic rats, NCV was 20% lower after 5 weeks in the STZ group, and this decrease was attenuated 50% by rhEPO. Furthermore, the reduction of Na+,K+-ATPase activity of diabetic nerves (by 55%) was limited to 24% in the rhEPO-treated group. In the therapeutic schedule, NCV was reduced by 50% after 11 weeks but by only 23% in the rhEPO-treated group. rhEPO treatment attenuated the decrease in compound muscle action potential in diabetic rats. In addition, rhEPO treatment was associated with a preservation of footpad cutaneous innervation, as assessed by protein gene product 9.5 immunostaining. Diabetic rats developed alterations in mechanical and thermal nociception, which were partially reversed by rhEPO given either in a preventative or therapeutic manner. These observations suggest that administration of rhEPO or its analogues may be useful in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)823-828
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume101
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 20 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

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