Eslicarbazepine Acetate Modulates EEG Activity and Connectivity in Focal Epilepsy

Giovanni Pellegrino, Oriano Mecarelli, Patrizia Pulitano, Mario Tombini, Lorenzo Ricci, Jacopo Lanzone, Marianna Brienza, Chiara Davassi, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro, Giovanni Assenza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) is an antiepileptic drug approved as monotherapy or add-on for the treatment of epilepsy with seizures of focal onset. ESL owns a good profile in terms of efficacy and tolerability, but its effects on EEG activity and connectivity are unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate EEG activity and connectivity changes after ESL treatment in persons with focal epilepsy (PFE). Material and Methods: We performed a multicentre, longitudinal, retrospective, quantitative EEG study on a population of 22 PFE, and a group of 40 controls. We investigated the ESL-related changes of EEG power spectral activity and global connectivity [phase locking value (PLV), amplitude envelope correlation (AEC) and amplitude envelope correlation of orthogonalized signals (Ortho-AEC)] for standard frequency bands (delta to gamma). Seizure frequency was evaluated to assess ESL efficacy in our cohort. Results: ESL significantly enhanced both global power spectral density and connectivity for all frequency bands, similarly for all connectivity measures. When compared to the control group, Post-ESL power was significantly higher in theta and gamma band. Pre-ESL connectivity values were significantly lower than control for all frequency bands. Post-ESL connectivity increased and the gap between the two groups was no longer significant. ESL induced a 52.7 ± 41.1% reduction of seizure frequency, with 55% of clinical responders (reduction of seizures ≥50%). Discussion: ESL therapy induces significant enhancement of brain activity and connectivity. Post-ESL connectivity profile of epilepsy patients was similar to the one of healthy controls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1054
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 11 2018

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    Pellegrino, G., Mecarelli, O., Pulitano, P., Tombini, M., Ricci, L., Lanzone, J., Brienza, M., Davassi, C., Di Lazzaro, V., & Assenza, G. (2018). Eslicarbazepine Acetate Modulates EEG Activity and Connectivity in Focal Epilepsy. Frontiers in Neurology, 9, 1054. https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2018.01054