From January 1976 to October 1986, 107 cases of esophageal atresia (EA) were admitted to the Neonatal Surgical Unit of the Bambino Gesú Hospital of Rome; 86% of the children had a type III EA. Associated anomalies were present in 47%; they were multiple in 18%. Cardiological malformations were the most frequent followed by digestive, skeletal, urological, and chromosomal aberrations. Surgical treatment was attempted in all children except 3, who died before surgical correction, in an effort to perform an end-to-end anastomosis in a single layer through a transpleural approach. According to the results, children were divided into two groups of 50 patients each: group 1 (1976-1981); and group 2 (1981-1986). Anastomosis was possible in 69% of children (68.7% in group 1, 69.3% in group 2). After 1983, gastrostomy fell into gradual disrepute and a transanastomotic tube was used. Immediate complications were seen in 36.6% of cases; in no case did recurrence of the tracheoesophageal fistula occur. The overall mortality decreased from 50% (group 1) to 30% (group 2). In the two periods considered, the mortality according to Waterston's risk classes was 28.5% → 5,8% (class A), 42.1% → 11.7% (class B), 82.3% → 68.7% (class C). Of a total of 41 deaths, 47% were due to severe associated malformations: bronchopneumopathy or prematurity seemed to have less importance in establishing the prognosis.
- Esophageal atresia
- Right aortic arch
- Tracheoesophageal fistula
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health