Esotropia and pseudoexotropia in acute ROP sequelae: Clinical features and suggestions for treatment

P. E. Bianchi, R. Guagliano, R. Salati, G. P. Traselli, F. Trimarchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report five cases with a mixture of esotropia and pseudoexotropia due to macular ectopia related to cicatricial retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). On inspection, the patients, aged from 9 to 28 years, presented a divergence of the eyes and a nasally decentralised corneal light reflex. The cover test showed esodeviation. All the cases presented some clinical features common to congenital strabismus. Fundus examination showed temporal traction of vascular and retinal tissues and macular ectopia, referrable to cicatricial sequelae of spontaneously regressed severe ROP. Treatment is limited to follow-up, with attention being paid to the control of retinal damage rather than to resolving the esthetic defects. Despite cryotherapy, these conditions are increasing with the increase in severe ROP and are now relatively frequent. We suggest that they be carefully identified in order to avoid incorrect orthoptic or surgical treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)446-450
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume6
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1996

Keywords

  • esotropia
  • pseudoexotropia
  • ROP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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