This study was carried out to analyze the fatty acid profile of breast mature milk during the first month of lactation, and to compare data on essential fatty acid profile with current data obtained with the same analytical procedures (high resolution gas chromatography). Milk samples were collected from 20 volunteers lactating mothers, living in Liguria, ad libitum fed, on the the 14 st, 21 th , and 28 th day after colostrum appearence. The fatty acid profile of mature milk, determined on the samples was the following: saturated fatty acids (SFAs) were the 45.5%, monounsaturated (MUFAs) were the 42.7%. and polyunsaturated (PUFAs) were the 11.8% of total fatty acids (linoleic acid was the 9.8%, a-linolenic the 0.36% and linoleic/a-linolenic ratio was 29.5). Long chain polyunsaturated (n-6, n-3 LCPs) were respectively the 0.89% and 0.38%. Essental fatty acid fractions were significantly lower as compared with other selected studies (p <0.01). Our findings suggest that saturated and monounsaturated fatty acid values of our mature milk are similar to that of european range. On the contrary essential fatty acid milk content is lower as compared with other selected european countries relatively near as geographic position. This implies that further research is required to assess the interrelations between maternal diet and milk fatty acid profile.
|Translated title of the contribution||Essential fatty acids in mature breast milk|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Rivista Italiana di Pediatria|
|Issue number||3 SUPPL.|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health