Chondrocytes from human adult articular healthy cartilage were transfected in primary culture with a plasmid containing two human papilloma virus type 16 early function genes: E6 and E7, using the highly efficient cationic liposome-mediated (lipofection) procedure. The transfection was verified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis of E7 mRNA and by immunofluorescence localization of the E7 protein in the cell cytoplasm. The established chondrocyte cell line was examined in monolayer and in two culture conditions that were described to re-induce differentiated characteristics: culturing in a serum-free defined medium and seeding on a hyaluronan-based three-dimensional biomaterial. Immortalized cells were able to re-express the main markers of chondrocyte phenotype, both at mRNA and protein levels, under the two defined cultured conditions used. The cell line that we obtained may be a useful tool for increasing our knowledge of the genetic and biochemical events involved in the processes of cartilage growth and differentiation, and of the etiopathogenesis of many rheumatic diseases.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||La Chirurgia degli organi di movimento|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|