Esthesioneuroblastoma in pediatric and adolescent age. A report from the TREP project in cooperation with the Italian Neuroblastoma and Soft Tissue Sarcoma Committees

Gianni Bisogno, Pietro Soloni, Massimo Conte, Marta Podda, Andrea Ferrari, Alberto Garaventa, Roberto Luksch, Giovanni Cecchetto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB) is a rare, aggressive tumor with no established treatment in children. We analyzed a series of pediatric ENB patients with the aim of improving our knowledge of this disease.Methods: 9 patients (6 males; age 0.9-18 years, median 9.9) were identified by searching the AIEOP (Italian Association of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology) registry and the national databases of rare tumors, soft tissue sarcomas (STS) and neuroblastomas. The data on the cases included in STS treatment protocols were collected prospectively and histology was centrally reviewed; the data and histology concerning the other children were reviewed for the purpose of this analysis.Results: All tumors occurred in the sinonasal region with bone erosion (7 patients) and intracranial (4) or intraorbital (4) extension. Three patients were in Kadish stage B, and 6 in stage C. Complete tumor resection was very difficult to achieve, but adding chemotherapy and radiotherapy enabled tumor control in 8 patients. Response to chemotherapy was evident in 5/7 evaluable cases. Radiotherapy (48.5-60 Gy) was delivered in all children but one, due to early disease progression. With a median follow-up of 13.4 years (range 9.2-22.9), 7 patients are alive in 1 st and one in 2nd complete remission. All surviving patients developed treatment-related sequelae, the most frequent being endocrine dysfunctions (4 patients) and craniofacial growth impairments (4 patients).Conclusions: Our findings confirm that ENB in children has an aggressive presentation, but multimodal therapy can cure most patients. Our results are encouraging but future strategies must optimize treatment in terms of survival and related morbidities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117
JournalBMC Cancer
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 25 2012

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Esthesioneuroblastoma
  • Late effects
  • Nasal tumors
  • Olfactory neuroblastoma
  • Radiotherapy
  • Rare tumors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

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