Estimating minimum adult HIV prevalence

A cross-sectional study to assess the characteristics of people living with HIV in Italy

Laura Camoni, Mariangela Raimondo, Maria Dorrucci, Vincenza Regine, Maria Cristina Salfa, Barbara Suligoi, Dante Di Giammartino, Giustino Parruti, Paola Di Stefano, Maurizio Paoloni, Margherita D'Alessandro, Alessandro Grimaldi, Maria Pina Sciotti, Eligio Pizzigallo, Jacopo Vecchiett, Carlo De Stefano, Angela La Gala, Giulio De Stefano, Angela Linzalone, Francesco Cesario & 216 others Lucio Cosco, Benedetto Caroleo, Giuseppe Foti, Nicola Serrao, Domenico Lucchino, Antonio Chirianni, Nicola Abrescia, Raffaele Pempinello, Crescenzo M. Izzo, Guglielmo Borgia, Pietro Filippini, Evangelista Sagnelli, Angelo Iodice, Angelo S. Megna, Giovanna D'Alessio, Nicola Acone, Maurizio Mazzeo, Daria Sacchini, Carlo Ferrari, Annamaria Degli Antoni, Giacomo Magnani, Cristina Mussini, Vanni Borghi, Pierluigi Viale, Vincenzo Colangeli, Laura Sighinolfi, Marco Libanore, Alessandra Govoni, Claudio Cancellieri, Paolo Bassi, Massimo Arlotti, Roberto Luzzati, Matteo Bassetti, Umberto Tirelli, Emanuela Vaccher, Gianmichele Moise, Guido Palamara, Stefania Bernardi, Mario Falciano, Vincenzo Vullo, Gabriella D'Ettore, Vincenzo Renda, Cecilia Guariglia, Gloria Taliani, Ivano Mezzaroma, Francesca Paoletti, Camilla Ajassa, Roberta Gastaldi, Massimo Andreoni, Loredana Sarmati, Francesco Montella, Andrea Antinori, Alberto Giannetti, Nicola Pietrosillo, Enrico Girardi, Alfredo Pennica, Roberto Cauda, Manuela Colafigli, Simona Di Gianbenedetto, Antonio Caterini, Roberto Monarca, Stefano Aviani Barbacci, Gianpaolo Natalini Ramponi, Mauro Marchili, Enza Anzalone, Miriam Lichtner, Giuseppe Ferrea, Giovanni Cassola, Claudio Viscoli, Giovanni Mazzarello, Maurizio Setti, Stefania Artioli, Giovanni Riccio, Giorgetta Casalino Finocchio, Marco Anselmo, Marco Rizzi, Alfredo Scalzini, Francesco Castelli, Tiziana Quirino, Domenico Santoro, Angelo Pan, Alessia Zoncada, Paolo Bonfanti, Paolo Viganò, Massimo Villa, Marco Tinelli, Giorgio Perboni, Loredana Palvarini, Paolo Costa, Massimo Puoti, Massimo Galli, Giuliano Rizzardini, Antonella D Arminio Monforte, Adriano Lazzarin, Antonella Castagna, Andrea Gori, Lorenzo Minoli, Gaetano Filice, Paolo Grossi, Andrea Giacometti, Marcello Tavio, Maria Montroni, Luca Butini, Patrizia Osimani, Enzo Petrelli, Alessandro Chiodera, Patrizio Vittucci, Paola Sabbatini, Chiara Pasqualini, Mauro Valle, Milena Zoppi, Eugenio Mantia, Giuliano Schettino, Massimo Deseraca, Davide Vitullo, Olivia Bargiacchi, Gianfranco Orofino, Caterina Bramato, Margherita Busso, Bernardino Salassa, Mariana Farenga, Stefano Bonora, Guido Leo, Federica Poletti, Mario Gobber, Giovanni Cristina, Clara Gabiano, Peter Mian, Oswald Moling, Claudio Paternoster, Nicoletta Dorigoni, Tommaso Fontana, Gioacchino Angarano, Nicoletta Ladisa, Domenico La Rovere, Cecilia Fico, Fabio Bulla, Teresa Santantonio, Benvenuto Grisorio, Piergiorgio Chiriacò, Pierpaolo Congedo, Paolo Tundo, Francesco Resta, Letizia Cristiano, Maria Stella Mura, Giordano Madeddu, Pietro Mesina, Sandro Piga, Marco Campus, Paolo Emilio Manconi, Francesco Ortu, Antonio Salvo, Camillo Baretti, Rosaria La Sala, Pietro Bellissima, Salvatore Bonfante, Salvatore Galvagna, Benedetto M. Celesia, Rosario La Rosa, Sebastiano Maiuzzo, Luigi Guarnieri, Salvatore Bruno, Isa Picerno, Nicola Tripodi, Enzo M. Farinella, Cecilia Occhino, Lucina Titone, Claudia Colomba, Tullio Prestileo, Marcello Saitta, Piera Dones, Rosa Boncoraglio, Antonio Davi, Antonina Franco, Vincenzo Portelli, Francesca Savalli, Consuelo Geraci, Maurilio Chimenti, Sauro Luchi, Corrado Catalani, Michele Trezzi, Donatella Aquilini, Spartaco Sani, Cesira Nencioni, Tiziana Carli, Francesco Mazzotta, Sergio Lo Caputo, Giuliano Zuccati, Riccardo Iapoce, Rita Consolini, Dario Bartolozzi, Alessandro Bartoloni, Filippo Bartalesi, Andrea De Luca, Maurizio De Martino, Danilo Tacconi, Sauro Tini, Franco Baldelli, Daniela Francisci, Renato F. Frongillo, Antonio Traverso, Ermenegildo Francavilla, Roberto Ferretto, Franco Marranconi, Vinicio Manfrin, Piero Cortese, Cristina Rossi, Francesca Cattelan, Andrea Petrucci, Pierluigi Brugnaro, Dino Sgarabotto, Renzo Scaggiante, Annamaria Cattelan, Oliviero Bosco, Ercole Concia, Pierangelo Rovere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In 2012, we conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study to assess the number of people living with HIV linked to care and, among these, the number of people on antiretroviral therapy. The health authority in each of the 20 Italian Regions provided the list of Public Infectious Diseases Clinics providing antiretroviral therapy and monitoring people with HIV infection. We asked every Public Infectious Diseases Clinic to report the number of HIV-positive people diagnosed and linked to care and the number of those on antiretroviral therapy during 2012. In 2012, 94,146 people diagnosed with HIV and linked to care were reported. The majority were males (70.1%), Italians (84.4%), and aged between 25 and 49 years (63.4%); the probable route of transmission was heterosexual contact in 37.5% of cases, injecting drug use in 28.1%, and male-to-male contact in 27.9%. Among people in care, 20.1% had less than 350 CD4 cells/μl, 87.6% received antiretroviral therapy, and among these, 62.4% had a CD4 cell count higher than 350 cells/μl. The overall estimated prevalence of individuals diagnosed and linked to care in 2012 in Italy was 0.16 per 100 residents (all ages). Adding the estimated proportion of undiagnosed people, the estimated HIV prevalence would range between 0.19 and 0.26 per 100 residents. In Italy, the majority of people diagnosed and linked to care receive antiretroviral therapy. A higher prevalence of individuals diagnosed and linked to care was observed in Northern Italy and among males. More information for developing the HIV care continuum is necessary to improve the entire engagement in care, focusing on test-and-treat strategies to substantially reduce the proportion of people still undiagnosed or with a detectable viral load.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-287
Number of pages6
JournalAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2015

Fingerprint

Italy
Cross-Sectional Studies
HIV
Communicable Diseases
Therapeutics
Continuity of Patient Care
Heterosexuality
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Viral Load
HIV Infections
Health
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Estimating minimum adult HIV prevalence : A cross-sectional study to assess the characteristics of people living with HIV in Italy. / Camoni, Laura; Raimondo, Mariangela; Dorrucci, Maria; Regine, Vincenza; Salfa, Maria Cristina; Suligoi, Barbara; Di Giammartino, Dante; Parruti, Giustino; Di Stefano, Paola; Paoloni, Maurizio; D'Alessandro, Margherita; Grimaldi, Alessandro; Sciotti, Maria Pina; Pizzigallo, Eligio; Vecchiett, Jacopo; De Stefano, Carlo; La Gala, Angela; De Stefano, Giulio; Linzalone, Angela; Cesario, Francesco; Cosco, Lucio; Caroleo, Benedetto; Foti, Giuseppe; Serrao, Nicola; Lucchino, Domenico; Chirianni, Antonio; Abrescia, Nicola; Pempinello, Raffaele; Izzo, Crescenzo M.; Borgia, Guglielmo; Filippini, Pietro; Sagnelli, Evangelista; Iodice, Angelo; Megna, Angelo S.; D'Alessio, Giovanna; Acone, Nicola; Mazzeo, Maurizio; Sacchini, Daria; Ferrari, Carlo; Degli Antoni, Annamaria; Magnani, Giacomo; Mussini, Cristina; Borghi, Vanni; Viale, Pierluigi; Colangeli, Vincenzo; Sighinolfi, Laura; Libanore, Marco; Govoni, Alessandra; Cancellieri, Claudio; Bassi, Paolo; Arlotti, Massimo; Luzzati, Roberto; Bassetti, Matteo; Tirelli, Umberto; Vaccher, Emanuela; Moise, Gianmichele; Palamara, Guido; Bernardi, Stefania; Falciano, Mario; Vullo, Vincenzo; D'Ettore, Gabriella; Renda, Vincenzo; Guariglia, Cecilia; Taliani, Gloria; Mezzaroma, Ivano; Paoletti, Francesca; Ajassa, Camilla; Gastaldi, Roberta; Andreoni, Massimo; Sarmati, Loredana; Montella, Francesco; Antinori, Andrea; Giannetti, Alberto; Pietrosillo, Nicola; Girardi, Enrico; Pennica, Alfredo; Cauda, Roberto; Colafigli, Manuela; Di Gianbenedetto, Simona; Caterini, Antonio; Monarca, Roberto; Barbacci, Stefano Aviani; Ramponi, Gianpaolo Natalini; Marchili, Mauro; Anzalone, Enza; Lichtner, Miriam; Ferrea, Giuseppe; Cassola, Giovanni; Viscoli, Claudio; Mazzarello, Giovanni; Setti, Maurizio; Artioli, Stefania; Riccio, Giovanni; Finocchio, Giorgetta Casalino; Anselmo, Marco; Rizzi, Marco; Scalzini, Alfredo; Castelli, Francesco; Quirino, Tiziana; Santoro, Domenico; Pan, Angelo; Zoncada, Alessia; Bonfanti, Paolo; Viganò, Paolo; Villa, Massimo; Tinelli, Marco; Perboni, Giorgio; Palvarini, Loredana; Costa, Paolo; Puoti, Massimo; Galli, Massimo; Rizzardini, Giuliano; Monforte, Antonella D Arminio; Lazzarin, Adriano; Castagna, Antonella; Gori, Andrea; Minoli, Lorenzo; Filice, Gaetano; Grossi, Paolo; Giacometti, Andrea; Tavio, Marcello; Montroni, Maria; Butini, Luca; Osimani, Patrizia; Petrelli, Enzo; Chiodera, Alessandro; Vittucci, Patrizio; Sabbatini, Paola; Pasqualini, Chiara; Valle, Mauro; Zoppi, Milena; Mantia, Eugenio; Schettino, Giuliano; Deseraca, Massimo; Vitullo, Davide; Bargiacchi, Olivia; Orofino, Gianfranco; Bramato, Caterina; Busso, Margherita; Salassa, Bernardino; Farenga, Mariana; Bonora, Stefano; Leo, Guido; Poletti, Federica; Gobber, Mario; Cristina, Giovanni; Gabiano, Clara; Mian, Peter; Moling, Oswald; Paternoster, Claudio; Dorigoni, Nicoletta; Fontana, Tommaso; Angarano, Gioacchino; Ladisa, Nicoletta; La Rovere, Domenico; Fico, Cecilia; Bulla, Fabio; Santantonio, Teresa; Grisorio, Benvenuto; Chiriacò, Piergiorgio; Congedo, Pierpaolo; Tundo, Paolo; Resta, Francesco; Cristiano, Letizia; Mura, Maria Stella; Madeddu, Giordano; Mesina, Pietro; Piga, Sandro; Campus, Marco; Manconi, Paolo Emilio; Ortu, Francesco; Salvo, Antonio; Baretti, Camillo; La Sala, Rosaria; Bellissima, Pietro; Bonfante, Salvatore; Galvagna, Salvatore; Celesia, Benedetto M.; La Rosa, Rosario; Maiuzzo, Sebastiano; Guarnieri, Luigi; Bruno, Salvatore; Picerno, Isa; Tripodi, Nicola; Farinella, Enzo M.; Occhino, Cecilia; Titone, Lucina; Colomba, Claudia; Prestileo, Tullio; Saitta, Marcello; Dones, Piera; Boncoraglio, Rosa; Davi, Antonio; Franco, Antonina; Portelli, Vincenzo; Savalli, Francesca; Geraci, Consuelo; Chimenti, Maurilio; Luchi, Sauro; Catalani, Corrado; Trezzi, Michele; Aquilini, Donatella; Sani, Spartaco; Nencioni, Cesira; Carli, Tiziana; Mazzotta, Francesco; Lo Caputo, Sergio; Zuccati, Giuliano; Iapoce, Riccardo; Consolini, Rita; Bartolozzi, Dario; Bartoloni, Alessandro; Bartalesi, Filippo; De Luca, Andrea; De Martino, Maurizio; Tacconi, Danilo; Tini, Sauro; Baldelli, Franco; Francisci, Daniela; Frongillo, Renato F.; Traverso, Antonio; Francavilla, Ermenegildo; Ferretto, Roberto; Marranconi, Franco; Manfrin, Vinicio; Cortese, Piero; Rossi, Cristina; Cattelan, Francesca; Petrucci, Andrea; Brugnaro, Pierluigi; Sgarabotto, Dino; Scaggiante, Renzo; Cattelan, Annamaria; Bosco, Oliviero; Concia, Ercole; Rovere, Pierangelo.

In: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, Vol. 31, No. 3, 01.03.2015, p. 282-287.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Camoni, L, Raimondo, M, Dorrucci, M, Regine, V, Salfa, MC, Suligoi, B, Di Giammartino, D, Parruti, G, Di Stefano, P, Paoloni, M, D'Alessandro, M, Grimaldi, A, Sciotti, MP, Pizzigallo, E, Vecchiett, J, De Stefano, C, La Gala, A, De Stefano, G, Linzalone, A, Cesario, F, Cosco, L, Caroleo, B, Foti, G, Serrao, N, Lucchino, D, Chirianni, A, Abrescia, N, Pempinello, R, Izzo, CM, Borgia, G, Filippini, P, Sagnelli, E, Iodice, A, Megna, AS, D'Alessio, G, Acone, N, Mazzeo, M, Sacchini, D, Ferrari, C, Degli Antoni, A, Magnani, G, Mussini, C, Borghi, V, Viale, P, Colangeli, V, Sighinolfi, L, Libanore, M, Govoni, A, Cancellieri, C, Bassi, P, Arlotti, M, Luzzati, R, Bassetti, M, Tirelli, U, Vaccher, E, Moise, G, Palamara, G, Bernardi, S, Falciano, M, Vullo, V, D'Ettore, G, Renda, V, Guariglia, C, Taliani, G, Mezzaroma, I, Paoletti, F, Ajassa, C, Gastaldi, R, Andreoni, M, Sarmati, L, Montella, F, Antinori, A, Giannetti, A, Pietrosillo, N, Girardi, E, Pennica, A, Cauda, R, Colafigli, M, Di Gianbenedetto, S, Caterini, A, Monarca, R, Barbacci, SA, Ramponi, GN, Marchili, M, Anzalone, E, Lichtner, M, Ferrea, G, Cassola, G, Viscoli, C, Mazzarello, G, Setti, M, Artioli, S, Riccio, G, Finocchio, GC, Anselmo, M, Rizzi, M, Scalzini, A, Castelli, F, Quirino, T, Santoro, D, Pan, A, Zoncada, A, Bonfanti, P, Viganò, P, Villa, M, Tinelli, M, Perboni, G, Palvarini, L, Costa, P, Puoti, M, Galli, M, Rizzardini, G, Monforte, ADA, Lazzarin, A, Castagna, A, Gori, A, Minoli, L, Filice, G, Grossi, P, Giacometti, A, Tavio, M, Montroni, M, Butini, L, Osimani, P, Petrelli, E, Chiodera, A, Vittucci, P, Sabbatini, P, Pasqualini, C, Valle, M, Zoppi, M, Mantia, E, Schettino, G, Deseraca, M, Vitullo, D, Bargiacchi, O, Orofino, G, Bramato, C, Busso, M, Salassa, B, Farenga, M, Bonora, S, Leo, G, Poletti, F, Gobber, M, Cristina, G, Gabiano, C, Mian, P, Moling, O, Paternoster, C, Dorigoni, N, Fontana, T, Angarano, G, Ladisa, N, La Rovere, D, Fico, C, Bulla, F, Santantonio, T, Grisorio, B, Chiriacò, P, Congedo, P, Tundo, P, Resta, F, Cristiano, L, Mura, MS, Madeddu, G, Mesina, P, Piga, S, Campus, M, Manconi, PE, Ortu, F, Salvo, A, Baretti, C, La Sala, R, Bellissima, P, Bonfante, S, Galvagna, S, Celesia, BM, La Rosa, R, Maiuzzo, S, Guarnieri, L, Bruno, S, Picerno, I, Tripodi, N, Farinella, EM, Occhino, C, Titone, L, Colomba, C, Prestileo, T, Saitta, M, Dones, P, Boncoraglio, R, Davi, A, Franco, A, Portelli, V, Savalli, F, Geraci, C, Chimenti, M, Luchi, S, Catalani, C, Trezzi, M, Aquilini, D, Sani, S, Nencioni, C, Carli, T, Mazzotta, F, Lo Caputo, S, Zuccati, G, Iapoce, R, Consolini, R, Bartolozzi, D, Bartoloni, A, Bartalesi, F, De Luca, A, De Martino, M, Tacconi, D, Tini, S, Baldelli, F, Francisci, D, Frongillo, RF, Traverso, A, Francavilla, E, Ferretto, R, Marranconi, F, Manfrin, V, Cortese, P, Rossi, C, Cattelan, F, Petrucci, A, Brugnaro, P, Sgarabotto, D, Scaggiante, R, Cattelan, A, Bosco, O, Concia, E & Rovere, P 2015, 'Estimating minimum adult HIV prevalence: A cross-sectional study to assess the characteristics of people living with HIV in Italy', AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 282-287. https://doi.org/10.1089/aid.2014.0154
Camoni, Laura ; Raimondo, Mariangela ; Dorrucci, Maria ; Regine, Vincenza ; Salfa, Maria Cristina ; Suligoi, Barbara ; Di Giammartino, Dante ; Parruti, Giustino ; Di Stefano, Paola ; Paoloni, Maurizio ; D'Alessandro, Margherita ; Grimaldi, Alessandro ; Sciotti, Maria Pina ; Pizzigallo, Eligio ; Vecchiett, Jacopo ; De Stefano, Carlo ; La Gala, Angela ; De Stefano, Giulio ; Linzalone, Angela ; Cesario, Francesco ; Cosco, Lucio ; Caroleo, Benedetto ; Foti, Giuseppe ; Serrao, Nicola ; Lucchino, Domenico ; Chirianni, Antonio ; Abrescia, Nicola ; Pempinello, Raffaele ; Izzo, Crescenzo M. ; Borgia, Guglielmo ; Filippini, Pietro ; Sagnelli, Evangelista ; Iodice, Angelo ; Megna, Angelo S. ; D'Alessio, Giovanna ; Acone, Nicola ; Mazzeo, Maurizio ; Sacchini, Daria ; Ferrari, Carlo ; Degli Antoni, Annamaria ; Magnani, Giacomo ; Mussini, Cristina ; Borghi, Vanni ; Viale, Pierluigi ; Colangeli, Vincenzo ; Sighinolfi, Laura ; Libanore, Marco ; Govoni, Alessandra ; Cancellieri, Claudio ; Bassi, Paolo ; Arlotti, Massimo ; Luzzati, Roberto ; Bassetti, Matteo ; Tirelli, Umberto ; Vaccher, Emanuela ; Moise, Gianmichele ; Palamara, Guido ; Bernardi, Stefania ; Falciano, Mario ; Vullo, Vincenzo ; D'Ettore, Gabriella ; Renda, Vincenzo ; Guariglia, Cecilia ; Taliani, Gloria ; Mezzaroma, Ivano ; Paoletti, Francesca ; Ajassa, Camilla ; Gastaldi, Roberta ; Andreoni, Massimo ; Sarmati, Loredana ; Montella, Francesco ; Antinori, Andrea ; Giannetti, Alberto ; Pietrosillo, Nicola ; Girardi, Enrico ; Pennica, Alfredo ; Cauda, Roberto ; Colafigli, Manuela ; Di Gianbenedetto, Simona ; Caterini, Antonio ; Monarca, Roberto ; Barbacci, Stefano Aviani ; Ramponi, Gianpaolo Natalini ; Marchili, Mauro ; Anzalone, Enza ; Lichtner, Miriam ; Ferrea, Giuseppe ; Cassola, Giovanni ; Viscoli, Claudio ; Mazzarello, Giovanni ; Setti, Maurizio ; Artioli, Stefania ; Riccio, Giovanni ; Finocchio, Giorgetta Casalino ; Anselmo, Marco ; Rizzi, Marco ; Scalzini, Alfredo ; Castelli, Francesco ; Quirino, Tiziana ; Santoro, Domenico ; Pan, Angelo ; Zoncada, Alessia ; Bonfanti, Paolo ; Viganò, Paolo ; Villa, Massimo ; Tinelli, Marco ; Perboni, Giorgio ; Palvarini, Loredana ; Costa, Paolo ; Puoti, Massimo ; Galli, Massimo ; Rizzardini, Giuliano ; Monforte, Antonella D Arminio ; Lazzarin, Adriano ; Castagna, Antonella ; Gori, Andrea ; Minoli, Lorenzo ; Filice, Gaetano ; Grossi, Paolo ; Giacometti, Andrea ; Tavio, Marcello ; Montroni, Maria ; Butini, Luca ; Osimani, Patrizia ; Petrelli, Enzo ; Chiodera, Alessandro ; Vittucci, Patrizio ; Sabbatini, Paola ; Pasqualini, Chiara ; Valle, Mauro ; Zoppi, Milena ; Mantia, Eugenio ; Schettino, Giuliano ; Deseraca, Massimo ; Vitullo, Davide ; Bargiacchi, Olivia ; Orofino, Gianfranco ; Bramato, Caterina ; Busso, Margherita ; Salassa, Bernardino ; Farenga, Mariana ; Bonora, Stefano ; Leo, Guido ; Poletti, Federica ; Gobber, Mario ; Cristina, Giovanni ; Gabiano, Clara ; Mian, Peter ; Moling, Oswald ; Paternoster, Claudio ; Dorigoni, Nicoletta ; Fontana, Tommaso ; Angarano, Gioacchino ; Ladisa, Nicoletta ; La Rovere, Domenico ; Fico, Cecilia ; Bulla, Fabio ; Santantonio, Teresa ; Grisorio, Benvenuto ; Chiriacò, Piergiorgio ; Congedo, Pierpaolo ; Tundo, Paolo ; Resta, Francesco ; Cristiano, Letizia ; Mura, Maria Stella ; Madeddu, Giordano ; Mesina, Pietro ; Piga, Sandro ; Campus, Marco ; Manconi, Paolo Emilio ; Ortu, Francesco ; Salvo, Antonio ; Baretti, Camillo ; La Sala, Rosaria ; Bellissima, Pietro ; Bonfante, Salvatore ; Galvagna, Salvatore ; Celesia, Benedetto M. ; La Rosa, Rosario ; Maiuzzo, Sebastiano ; Guarnieri, Luigi ; Bruno, Salvatore ; Picerno, Isa ; Tripodi, Nicola ; Farinella, Enzo M. ; Occhino, Cecilia ; Titone, Lucina ; Colomba, Claudia ; Prestileo, Tullio ; Saitta, Marcello ; Dones, Piera ; Boncoraglio, Rosa ; Davi, Antonio ; Franco, Antonina ; Portelli, Vincenzo ; Savalli, Francesca ; Geraci, Consuelo ; Chimenti, Maurilio ; Luchi, Sauro ; Catalani, Corrado ; Trezzi, Michele ; Aquilini, Donatella ; Sani, Spartaco ; Nencioni, Cesira ; Carli, Tiziana ; Mazzotta, Francesco ; Lo Caputo, Sergio ; Zuccati, Giuliano ; Iapoce, Riccardo ; Consolini, Rita ; Bartolozzi, Dario ; Bartoloni, Alessandro ; Bartalesi, Filippo ; De Luca, Andrea ; De Martino, Maurizio ; Tacconi, Danilo ; Tini, Sauro ; Baldelli, Franco ; Francisci, Daniela ; Frongillo, Renato F. ; Traverso, Antonio ; Francavilla, Ermenegildo ; Ferretto, Roberto ; Marranconi, Franco ; Manfrin, Vinicio ; Cortese, Piero ; Rossi, Cristina ; Cattelan, Francesca ; Petrucci, Andrea ; Brugnaro, Pierluigi ; Sgarabotto, Dino ; Scaggiante, Renzo ; Cattelan, Annamaria ; Bosco, Oliviero ; Concia, Ercole ; Rovere, Pierangelo. / Estimating minimum adult HIV prevalence : A cross-sectional study to assess the characteristics of people living with HIV in Italy. In: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses. 2015 ; Vol. 31, No. 3. pp. 282-287.
@article{59279a5104944a13a320cd65e6c9e1dd,
title = "Estimating minimum adult HIV prevalence: A cross-sectional study to assess the characteristics of people living with HIV in Italy",
abstract = "In 2012, we conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study to assess the number of people living with HIV linked to care and, among these, the number of people on antiretroviral therapy. The health authority in each of the 20 Italian Regions provided the list of Public Infectious Diseases Clinics providing antiretroviral therapy and monitoring people with HIV infection. We asked every Public Infectious Diseases Clinic to report the number of HIV-positive people diagnosed and linked to care and the number of those on antiretroviral therapy during 2012. In 2012, 94,146 people diagnosed with HIV and linked to care were reported. The majority were males (70.1{\%}), Italians (84.4{\%}), and aged between 25 and 49 years (63.4{\%}); the probable route of transmission was heterosexual contact in 37.5{\%} of cases, injecting drug use in 28.1{\%}, and male-to-male contact in 27.9{\%}. Among people in care, 20.1{\%} had less than 350 CD4 cells/μl, 87.6{\%} received antiretroviral therapy, and among these, 62.4{\%} had a CD4 cell count higher than 350 cells/μl. The overall estimated prevalence of individuals diagnosed and linked to care in 2012 in Italy was 0.16 per 100 residents (all ages). Adding the estimated proportion of undiagnosed people, the estimated HIV prevalence would range between 0.19 and 0.26 per 100 residents. In Italy, the majority of people diagnosed and linked to care receive antiretroviral therapy. A higher prevalence of individuals diagnosed and linked to care was observed in Northern Italy and among males. More information for developing the HIV care continuum is necessary to improve the entire engagement in care, focusing on test-and-treat strategies to substantially reduce the proportion of people still undiagnosed or with a detectable viral load.",
author = "Laura Camoni and Mariangela Raimondo and Maria Dorrucci and Vincenza Regine and Salfa, {Maria Cristina} and Barbara Suligoi and {Di Giammartino}, Dante and Giustino Parruti and {Di Stefano}, Paola and Maurizio Paoloni and Margherita D'Alessandro and Alessandro Grimaldi and Sciotti, {Maria Pina} and Eligio Pizzigallo and Jacopo Vecchiett and {De Stefano}, Carlo and {La Gala}, Angela and {De Stefano}, Giulio and Angela Linzalone and Francesco Cesario and Lucio Cosco and Benedetto Caroleo and Giuseppe Foti and Nicola Serrao and Domenico Lucchino and Antonio Chirianni and Nicola Abrescia and Raffaele Pempinello and Izzo, {Crescenzo M.} and Guglielmo Borgia and Pietro Filippini and Evangelista Sagnelli and Angelo Iodice and Megna, {Angelo S.} and Giovanna D'Alessio and Nicola Acone and Maurizio Mazzeo and Daria Sacchini and Carlo Ferrari and {Degli Antoni}, Annamaria and Giacomo Magnani and Cristina Mussini and Vanni Borghi and Pierluigi Viale and Vincenzo Colangeli and Laura Sighinolfi and Marco Libanore and Alessandra Govoni and Claudio Cancellieri and Paolo Bassi and Massimo Arlotti and Roberto Luzzati and Matteo Bassetti and Umberto Tirelli and Emanuela Vaccher and Gianmichele Moise and Guido Palamara and Stefania Bernardi and Mario Falciano and Vincenzo Vullo and Gabriella D'Ettore and Vincenzo Renda and Cecilia Guariglia and Gloria Taliani and Ivano Mezzaroma and Francesca Paoletti and Camilla Ajassa and Roberta Gastaldi and Massimo Andreoni and Loredana Sarmati and Francesco Montella and Andrea Antinori and Alberto Giannetti and Nicola Pietrosillo and Enrico Girardi and Alfredo Pennica and Roberto Cauda and Manuela Colafigli and {Di Gianbenedetto}, Simona and Antonio Caterini and Roberto Monarca and Barbacci, {Stefano Aviani} and Ramponi, {Gianpaolo Natalini} and Mauro Marchili and Enza Anzalone and Miriam Lichtner and Giuseppe Ferrea and Giovanni Cassola and Claudio Viscoli and Giovanni Mazzarello and Maurizio Setti and Stefania Artioli and Giovanni Riccio and Finocchio, {Giorgetta Casalino} and Marco Anselmo and Marco Rizzi and Alfredo Scalzini and Francesco Castelli and Tiziana Quirino and Domenico Santoro and Angelo Pan and Alessia Zoncada and Paolo Bonfanti and Paolo Vigan{\`o} and Massimo Villa and Marco Tinelli and Giorgio Perboni and Loredana Palvarini and Paolo Costa and Massimo Puoti and Massimo Galli and Giuliano Rizzardini and Monforte, {Antonella D Arminio} and Adriano Lazzarin and Antonella Castagna and Andrea Gori and Lorenzo Minoli and Gaetano Filice and Paolo Grossi and Andrea Giacometti and Marcello Tavio and Maria Montroni and Luca Butini and Patrizia Osimani and Enzo Petrelli and Alessandro Chiodera and Patrizio Vittucci and Paola Sabbatini and Chiara Pasqualini and Mauro Valle and Milena Zoppi and Eugenio Mantia and Giuliano Schettino and Massimo Deseraca and Davide Vitullo and Olivia Bargiacchi and Gianfranco Orofino and Caterina Bramato and Margherita Busso and Bernardino Salassa and Mariana Farenga and Stefano Bonora and Guido Leo and Federica Poletti and Mario Gobber and Giovanni Cristina and Clara Gabiano and Peter Mian and Oswald Moling and Claudio Paternoster and Nicoletta Dorigoni and Tommaso Fontana and Gioacchino Angarano and Nicoletta Ladisa and {La Rovere}, Domenico and Cecilia Fico and Fabio Bulla and Teresa Santantonio and Benvenuto Grisorio and Piergiorgio Chiriac{\`o} and Pierpaolo Congedo and Paolo Tundo and Francesco Resta and Letizia Cristiano and Mura, {Maria Stella} and Giordano Madeddu and Pietro Mesina and Sandro Piga and Marco Campus and Manconi, {Paolo Emilio} and Francesco Ortu and Antonio Salvo and Camillo Baretti and {La Sala}, Rosaria and Pietro Bellissima and Salvatore Bonfante and Salvatore Galvagna and Celesia, {Benedetto M.} and {La Rosa}, Rosario and Sebastiano Maiuzzo and Luigi Guarnieri and Salvatore Bruno and Isa Picerno and Nicola Tripodi and Farinella, {Enzo M.} and Cecilia Occhino and Lucina Titone and Claudia Colomba and Tullio Prestileo and Marcello Saitta and Piera Dones and Rosa Boncoraglio and Antonio Davi and Antonina Franco and Vincenzo Portelli and Francesca Savalli and Consuelo Geraci and Maurilio Chimenti and Sauro Luchi and Corrado Catalani and Michele Trezzi and Donatella Aquilini and Spartaco Sani and Cesira Nencioni and Tiziana Carli and Francesco Mazzotta and {Lo Caputo}, Sergio and Giuliano Zuccati and Riccardo Iapoce and Rita Consolini and Dario Bartolozzi and Alessandro Bartoloni and Filippo Bartalesi and {De Luca}, Andrea and {De Martino}, Maurizio and Danilo Tacconi and Sauro Tini and Franco Baldelli and Daniela Francisci and Frongillo, {Renato F.} and Antonio Traverso and Ermenegildo Francavilla and Roberto Ferretto and Franco Marranconi and Vinicio Manfrin and Piero Cortese and Cristina Rossi and Francesca Cattelan and Andrea Petrucci and Pierluigi Brugnaro and Dino Sgarabotto and Renzo Scaggiante and Annamaria Cattelan and Oliviero Bosco and Ercole Concia and Pierangelo Rovere",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1089/aid.2014.0154",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "282--287",
journal = "AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses",
issn = "0889-2229",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Estimating minimum adult HIV prevalence

T2 - A cross-sectional study to assess the characteristics of people living with HIV in Italy

AU - Camoni, Laura

AU - Raimondo, Mariangela

AU - Dorrucci, Maria

AU - Regine, Vincenza

AU - Salfa, Maria Cristina

AU - Suligoi, Barbara

AU - Di Giammartino, Dante

AU - Parruti, Giustino

AU - Di Stefano, Paola

AU - Paoloni, Maurizio

AU - D'Alessandro, Margherita

AU - Grimaldi, Alessandro

AU - Sciotti, Maria Pina

AU - Pizzigallo, Eligio

AU - Vecchiett, Jacopo

AU - De Stefano, Carlo

AU - La Gala, Angela

AU - De Stefano, Giulio

AU - Linzalone, Angela

AU - Cesario, Francesco

AU - Cosco, Lucio

AU - Caroleo, Benedetto

AU - Foti, Giuseppe

AU - Serrao, Nicola

AU - Lucchino, Domenico

AU - Chirianni, Antonio

AU - Abrescia, Nicola

AU - Pempinello, Raffaele

AU - Izzo, Crescenzo M.

AU - Borgia, Guglielmo

AU - Filippini, Pietro

AU - Sagnelli, Evangelista

AU - Iodice, Angelo

AU - Megna, Angelo S.

AU - D'Alessio, Giovanna

AU - Acone, Nicola

AU - Mazzeo, Maurizio

AU - Sacchini, Daria

AU - Ferrari, Carlo

AU - Degli Antoni, Annamaria

AU - Magnani, Giacomo

AU - Mussini, Cristina

AU - Borghi, Vanni

AU - Viale, Pierluigi

AU - Colangeli, Vincenzo

AU - Sighinolfi, Laura

AU - Libanore, Marco

AU - Govoni, Alessandra

AU - Cancellieri, Claudio

AU - Bassi, Paolo

AU - Arlotti, Massimo

AU - Luzzati, Roberto

AU - Bassetti, Matteo

AU - Tirelli, Umberto

AU - Vaccher, Emanuela

AU - Moise, Gianmichele

AU - Palamara, Guido

AU - Bernardi, Stefania

AU - Falciano, Mario

AU - Vullo, Vincenzo

AU - D'Ettore, Gabriella

AU - Renda, Vincenzo

AU - Guariglia, Cecilia

AU - Taliani, Gloria

AU - Mezzaroma, Ivano

AU - Paoletti, Francesca

AU - Ajassa, Camilla

AU - Gastaldi, Roberta

AU - Andreoni, Massimo

AU - Sarmati, Loredana

AU - Montella, Francesco

AU - Antinori, Andrea

AU - Giannetti, Alberto

AU - Pietrosillo, Nicola

AU - Girardi, Enrico

AU - Pennica, Alfredo

AU - Cauda, Roberto

AU - Colafigli, Manuela

AU - Di Gianbenedetto, Simona

AU - Caterini, Antonio

AU - Monarca, Roberto

AU - Barbacci, Stefano Aviani

AU - Ramponi, Gianpaolo Natalini

AU - Marchili, Mauro

AU - Anzalone, Enza

AU - Lichtner, Miriam

AU - Ferrea, Giuseppe

AU - Cassola, Giovanni

AU - Viscoli, Claudio

AU - Mazzarello, Giovanni

AU - Setti, Maurizio

AU - Artioli, Stefania

AU - Riccio, Giovanni

AU - Finocchio, Giorgetta Casalino

AU - Anselmo, Marco

AU - Rizzi, Marco

AU - Scalzini, Alfredo

AU - Castelli, Francesco

AU - Quirino, Tiziana

AU - Santoro, Domenico

AU - Pan, Angelo

AU - Zoncada, Alessia

AU - Bonfanti, Paolo

AU - Viganò, Paolo

AU - Villa, Massimo

AU - Tinelli, Marco

AU - Perboni, Giorgio

AU - Palvarini, Loredana

AU - Costa, Paolo

AU - Puoti, Massimo

AU - Galli, Massimo

AU - Rizzardini, Giuliano

AU - Monforte, Antonella D Arminio

AU - Lazzarin, Adriano

AU - Castagna, Antonella

AU - Gori, Andrea

AU - Minoli, Lorenzo

AU - Filice, Gaetano

AU - Grossi, Paolo

AU - Giacometti, Andrea

AU - Tavio, Marcello

AU - Montroni, Maria

AU - Butini, Luca

AU - Osimani, Patrizia

AU - Petrelli, Enzo

AU - Chiodera, Alessandro

AU - Vittucci, Patrizio

AU - Sabbatini, Paola

AU - Pasqualini, Chiara

AU - Valle, Mauro

AU - Zoppi, Milena

AU - Mantia, Eugenio

AU - Schettino, Giuliano

AU - Deseraca, Massimo

AU - Vitullo, Davide

AU - Bargiacchi, Olivia

AU - Orofino, Gianfranco

AU - Bramato, Caterina

AU - Busso, Margherita

AU - Salassa, Bernardino

AU - Farenga, Mariana

AU - Bonora, Stefano

AU - Leo, Guido

AU - Poletti, Federica

AU - Gobber, Mario

AU - Cristina, Giovanni

AU - Gabiano, Clara

AU - Mian, Peter

AU - Moling, Oswald

AU - Paternoster, Claudio

AU - Dorigoni, Nicoletta

AU - Fontana, Tommaso

AU - Angarano, Gioacchino

AU - Ladisa, Nicoletta

AU - La Rovere, Domenico

AU - Fico, Cecilia

AU - Bulla, Fabio

AU - Santantonio, Teresa

AU - Grisorio, Benvenuto

AU - Chiriacò, Piergiorgio

AU - Congedo, Pierpaolo

AU - Tundo, Paolo

AU - Resta, Francesco

AU - Cristiano, Letizia

AU - Mura, Maria Stella

AU - Madeddu, Giordano

AU - Mesina, Pietro

AU - Piga, Sandro

AU - Campus, Marco

AU - Manconi, Paolo Emilio

AU - Ortu, Francesco

AU - Salvo, Antonio

AU - Baretti, Camillo

AU - La Sala, Rosaria

AU - Bellissima, Pietro

AU - Bonfante, Salvatore

AU - Galvagna, Salvatore

AU - Celesia, Benedetto M.

AU - La Rosa, Rosario

AU - Maiuzzo, Sebastiano

AU - Guarnieri, Luigi

AU - Bruno, Salvatore

AU - Picerno, Isa

AU - Tripodi, Nicola

AU - Farinella, Enzo M.

AU - Occhino, Cecilia

AU - Titone, Lucina

AU - Colomba, Claudia

AU - Prestileo, Tullio

AU - Saitta, Marcello

AU - Dones, Piera

AU - Boncoraglio, Rosa

AU - Davi, Antonio

AU - Franco, Antonina

AU - Portelli, Vincenzo

AU - Savalli, Francesca

AU - Geraci, Consuelo

AU - Chimenti, Maurilio

AU - Luchi, Sauro

AU - Catalani, Corrado

AU - Trezzi, Michele

AU - Aquilini, Donatella

AU - Sani, Spartaco

AU - Nencioni, Cesira

AU - Carli, Tiziana

AU - Mazzotta, Francesco

AU - Lo Caputo, Sergio

AU - Zuccati, Giuliano

AU - Iapoce, Riccardo

AU - Consolini, Rita

AU - Bartolozzi, Dario

AU - Bartoloni, Alessandro

AU - Bartalesi, Filippo

AU - De Luca, Andrea

AU - De Martino, Maurizio

AU - Tacconi, Danilo

AU - Tini, Sauro

AU - Baldelli, Franco

AU - Francisci, Daniela

AU - Frongillo, Renato F.

AU - Traverso, Antonio

AU - Francavilla, Ermenegildo

AU - Ferretto, Roberto

AU - Marranconi, Franco

AU - Manfrin, Vinicio

AU - Cortese, Piero

AU - Rossi, Cristina

AU - Cattelan, Francesca

AU - Petrucci, Andrea

AU - Brugnaro, Pierluigi

AU - Sgarabotto, Dino

AU - Scaggiante, Renzo

AU - Cattelan, Annamaria

AU - Bosco, Oliviero

AU - Concia, Ercole

AU - Rovere, Pierangelo

PY - 2015/3/1

Y1 - 2015/3/1

N2 - In 2012, we conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study to assess the number of people living with HIV linked to care and, among these, the number of people on antiretroviral therapy. The health authority in each of the 20 Italian Regions provided the list of Public Infectious Diseases Clinics providing antiretroviral therapy and monitoring people with HIV infection. We asked every Public Infectious Diseases Clinic to report the number of HIV-positive people diagnosed and linked to care and the number of those on antiretroviral therapy during 2012. In 2012, 94,146 people diagnosed with HIV and linked to care were reported. The majority were males (70.1%), Italians (84.4%), and aged between 25 and 49 years (63.4%); the probable route of transmission was heterosexual contact in 37.5% of cases, injecting drug use in 28.1%, and male-to-male contact in 27.9%. Among people in care, 20.1% had less than 350 CD4 cells/μl, 87.6% received antiretroviral therapy, and among these, 62.4% had a CD4 cell count higher than 350 cells/μl. The overall estimated prevalence of individuals diagnosed and linked to care in 2012 in Italy was 0.16 per 100 residents (all ages). Adding the estimated proportion of undiagnosed people, the estimated HIV prevalence would range between 0.19 and 0.26 per 100 residents. In Italy, the majority of people diagnosed and linked to care receive antiretroviral therapy. A higher prevalence of individuals diagnosed and linked to care was observed in Northern Italy and among males. More information for developing the HIV care continuum is necessary to improve the entire engagement in care, focusing on test-and-treat strategies to substantially reduce the proportion of people still undiagnosed or with a detectable viral load.

AB - In 2012, we conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study to assess the number of people living with HIV linked to care and, among these, the number of people on antiretroviral therapy. The health authority in each of the 20 Italian Regions provided the list of Public Infectious Diseases Clinics providing antiretroviral therapy and monitoring people with HIV infection. We asked every Public Infectious Diseases Clinic to report the number of HIV-positive people diagnosed and linked to care and the number of those on antiretroviral therapy during 2012. In 2012, 94,146 people diagnosed with HIV and linked to care were reported. The majority were males (70.1%), Italians (84.4%), and aged between 25 and 49 years (63.4%); the probable route of transmission was heterosexual contact in 37.5% of cases, injecting drug use in 28.1%, and male-to-male contact in 27.9%. Among people in care, 20.1% had less than 350 CD4 cells/μl, 87.6% received antiretroviral therapy, and among these, 62.4% had a CD4 cell count higher than 350 cells/μl. The overall estimated prevalence of individuals diagnosed and linked to care in 2012 in Italy was 0.16 per 100 residents (all ages). Adding the estimated proportion of undiagnosed people, the estimated HIV prevalence would range between 0.19 and 0.26 per 100 residents. In Italy, the majority of people diagnosed and linked to care receive antiretroviral therapy. A higher prevalence of individuals diagnosed and linked to care was observed in Northern Italy and among males. More information for developing the HIV care continuum is necessary to improve the entire engagement in care, focusing on test-and-treat strategies to substantially reduce the proportion of people still undiagnosed or with a detectable viral load.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84924245860&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84924245860&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1089/aid.2014.0154

DO - 10.1089/aid.2014.0154

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 282

EP - 287

JO - AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses

JF - AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses

SN - 0889-2229

IS - 3

ER -