Estimating minimum adult HIV prevalence: A cross-sectional study to assess the characteristics of people living with HIV in Italy

Laura Camoni, Mariangela Raimondo, Maria Dorrucci, Vincenza Regine, Maria Cristina Salfa, Barbara Suligoi, Dante Di Giammartino, Giustino Parruti, Paola Di Stefano, Maurizio Paoloni, Margherita D'Alessandro, Alessandro Grimaldi, Maria Pina Sciotti, Eligio Pizzigallo, Jacopo Vecchiett, Carlo De Stefano, Angela La Gala, Giulio De Stefano, Angela Linzalone, Francesco CesarioLucio Cosco, Benedetto Caroleo, Giuseppe Foti, Nicola Serrao, Domenico Lucchino, Antonio Chirianni, Nicola Abrescia, Raffaele Pempinello, Crescenzo M. Izzo, Guglielmo Borgia, Pietro Filippini, Evangelista Sagnelli, Angelo Iodice, Angelo S. Megna, Giovanna D'Alessio, Nicola Acone, Maurizio Mazzeo, Daria Sacchini, Carlo Ferrari, Annamaria Degli Antoni, Giacomo Magnani, Cristina Mussini, Vanni Borghi, Pierluigi Viale, Vincenzo Colangeli, Laura Sighinolfi, Marco Libanore, Alessandra Govoni, Claudio Cancellieri, Paolo Bassi, Massimo Arlotti, Roberto Luzzati, Matteo Bassetti, Umberto Tirelli, Emanuela Vaccher, Gianmichele Moise, Guido Palamara, Stefania Bernardi, Mario Falciano, Vincenzo Vullo, Gabriella D'Ettore, Vincenzo Renda, Cecilia Guariglia, Gloria Taliani, Ivano Mezzaroma, Francesca Paoletti, Camilla Ajassa, Roberta Gastaldi, Massimo Andreoni, Loredana Sarmati, Francesco Montella, Andrea Antinori, Alberto Giannetti, Nicola Pietrosillo, Enrico Girardi, Alfredo Pennica, Roberto Cauda, Manuela Colafigli, Simona Di Gianbenedetto, Antonio Caterini, Roberto Monarca, Stefano Aviani Barbacci, Gianpaolo Natalini Ramponi, Mauro Marchili, Enza Anzalone, Miriam Lichtner, Giuseppe Ferrea, Giovanni Cassola, Claudio Viscoli, Giovanni Mazzarello, Maurizio Setti, Stefania Artioli, Giovanni Riccio, Giorgetta Casalino Finocchio, Marco Anselmo, Marco Rizzi, Alfredo Scalzini, Francesco Castelli, Tiziana Quirino, Domenico Santoro, Angelo Pan, Alessia Zoncada, Paolo Bonfanti, Paolo Viganò, Massimo Villa, Marco Tinelli, Giorgio Perboni, Loredana Palvarini, Paolo Costa, Massimo Puoti, Massimo Galli, Giuliano Rizzardini, Antonella D Arminio Monforte, Adriano Lazzarin, Antonella Castagna, Andrea Gori, Lorenzo Minoli, Gaetano Filice, Paolo Grossi, Andrea Giacometti, Marcello Tavio, Maria Montroni, Luca Butini, Patrizia Osimani, Enzo Petrelli, Alessandro Chiodera, Patrizio Vittucci, Paola Sabbatini, Chiara Pasqualini, Mauro Valle, Milena Zoppi, Eugenio Mantia, Giuliano Schettino, Massimo Deseraca, Davide Vitullo, Olivia Bargiacchi, Gianfranco Orofino, Caterina Bramato, Margherita Busso, Bernardino Salassa, Mariana Farenga, Stefano Bonora, Guido Leo, Federica Poletti, Mario Gobber, Giovanni Cristina, Clara Gabiano, Peter Mian, Oswald Moling, Claudio Paternoster, Nicoletta Dorigoni, Tommaso Fontana, Gioacchino Angarano, Nicoletta Ladisa, Domenico La Rovere, Cecilia Fico, Fabio Bulla, Teresa Santantonio, Benvenuto Grisorio, Piergiorgio Chiriacò, Pierpaolo Congedo, Paolo Tundo, Francesco Resta, Letizia Cristiano, Maria Stella Mura, Giordano Madeddu, Pietro Mesina, Sandro Piga, Marco Campus, Paolo Emilio Manconi, Francesco Ortu, Antonio Salvo, Camillo Baretti, Rosaria La Sala, Pietro Bellissima, Salvatore Bonfante, Salvatore Galvagna, Benedetto M. Celesia, Rosario La Rosa, Sebastiano Maiuzzo, Luigi Guarnieri, Salvatore Bruno, Isa Picerno, Nicola Tripodi, Enzo M. Farinella, Cecilia Occhino, Lucina Titone, Claudia Colomba, Tullio Prestileo, Marcello Saitta, Piera Dones, Rosa Boncoraglio, Antonio Davi, Antonina Franco, Vincenzo Portelli, Francesca Savalli, Consuelo Geraci, Maurilio Chimenti, Sauro Luchi, Corrado Catalani, Michele Trezzi, Donatella Aquilini, Spartaco Sani, Cesira Nencioni, Tiziana Carli, Francesco Mazzotta, Sergio Lo Caputo, Giuliano Zuccati, Riccardo Iapoce, Rita Consolini, Dario Bartolozzi, Alessandro Bartoloni, Filippo Bartalesi, Andrea De Luca, Maurizio De Martino, Danilo Tacconi, Sauro Tini, Franco Baldelli, Daniela Francisci, Renato F. Frongillo, Antonio Traverso, Ermenegildo Francavilla, Roberto Ferretto, Franco Marranconi, Vinicio Manfrin, Piero Cortese, Cristina Rossi, Francesca Cattelan, Andrea Petrucci, Pierluigi Brugnaro, Dino Sgarabotto, Renzo Scaggiante, Annamaria Cattelan, Oliviero Bosco, Ercole Concia, Pierangelo Rovere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In 2012, we conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study to assess the number of people living with HIV linked to care and, among these, the number of people on antiretroviral therapy. The health authority in each of the 20 Italian Regions provided the list of Public Infectious Diseases Clinics providing antiretroviral therapy and monitoring people with HIV infection. We asked every Public Infectious Diseases Clinic to report the number of HIV-positive people diagnosed and linked to care and the number of those on antiretroviral therapy during 2012. In 2012, 94,146 people diagnosed with HIV and linked to care were reported. The majority were males (70.1%), Italians (84.4%), and aged between 25 and 49 years (63.4%); the probable route of transmission was heterosexual contact in 37.5% of cases, injecting drug use in 28.1%, and male-to-male contact in 27.9%. Among people in care, 20.1% had less than 350 CD4 cells/μl, 87.6% received antiretroviral therapy, and among these, 62.4% had a CD4 cell count higher than 350 cells/μl. The overall estimated prevalence of individuals diagnosed and linked to care in 2012 in Italy was 0.16 per 100 residents (all ages). Adding the estimated proportion of undiagnosed people, the estimated HIV prevalence would range between 0.19 and 0.26 per 100 residents. In Italy, the majority of people diagnosed and linked to care receive antiretroviral therapy. A higher prevalence of individuals diagnosed and linked to care was observed in Northern Italy and among males. More information for developing the HIV care continuum is necessary to improve the entire engagement in care, focusing on test-and-treat strategies to substantially reduce the proportion of people still undiagnosed or with a detectable viral load.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-287
Number of pages6
JournalAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Camoni, L., Raimondo, M., Dorrucci, M., Regine, V., Salfa, M. C., Suligoi, B., Di Giammartino, D., Parruti, G., Di Stefano, P., Paoloni, M., D'Alessandro, M., Grimaldi, A., Sciotti, M. P., Pizzigallo, E., Vecchiett, J., De Stefano, C., La Gala, A., De Stefano, G., Linzalone, A., ... Rovere, P. (2015). Estimating minimum adult HIV prevalence: A cross-sectional study to assess the characteristics of people living with HIV in Italy. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, 31(3), 282-287. https://doi.org/10.1089/aid.2014.0154