Estrogen deficiency induces bone loss by upregulating osteoclastogenesis by mechanisms not completely defined. We found that ovariectomy-enhanced T-cell production of TNF-α, which, acting through the TNF-α receptor p55, augments macrophage colony-stimulating factor-induced (M-CSF-induced) and RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis. Ovariectomy failed to induce bone loss, stimulate bone resorption, or increase M-CSF- and RANKL-dependent osteoclastogenesis in T-cell deficient mice, establishing T cells as essential mediators of the bone-wasting effects of estrogen deficiency in vivo. These findings demonstrate that the ability of estrogen to target T cells, suppressing their production of TNF-α is a key mechanism by which estrogen prevents osteoclastic bone resorption and bone loss.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Investigation|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
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