Esvs guidelines: Section b - diagnosis and investigation of patients with carotid stenosis

Christos D. Liapis, Sir Peter F Bell, Dimitri P. Mikhailidis, Juhani Sivenius, Andrew Nicolaides, Jose Fernandese Fernandes, Giorgio Biasi, Lars Norgren, Efthimios D. Avgerinos, Francis Becker, Fabrizio Benedetti Valentini, Jean Pierre Bequemin, Hans Christof Diener, Alberto Froio, Peter A. Gaines, Gianfranco Gensini, Grigoris Gerotziafas, Maura Griffin, Weyner Hacke, Maarit A. HeikkinenBo Norrving, Janet Powell, John Kakisis, Christos Karkos, Konstantinos Konstantinidis, Thomas Kotsis, Marialuisa Lavitrano, Thomas Mätzsch, Hakan Parsson, Luis Mendes Pedro, Juha Pekka Salenius, Michael Schachter, Henrik Sillesen, Dafydd J. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Herein, we present the European Society for Vascular Surgery Guidelines pertinent to the secondary prevention of cerebrovascular events in patients with carotid artery stenosis including lipid lowering therapy, antiplatelet therapy and other risk factor modification. These recommendations are based on current evidence from clinical trials. There is a need for aggressive prevention treatment in patients with carotid artery disease. We also discuss the diagnosis and grading of carotid artery stenosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)682-691
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Vascular Pharmacology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Antiplatelet agents
  • Carotid artery stenosis
  • diagnosis
  • Hypertension
  • Risk factors
  • Statins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pharmacology


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