Etoposide versus etoposide plus high-dose cisplatin in the management of advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Results of a prospective randomized FONICAP trial

R. Rosso, F. Salvati, A. Ardizzoni, C. Gallo Curcio, A. Rubagotti, M. Belli, B. Castagneto, V. Fusco, M. Sassi, G. Ferrara, A. Pizza, T. Pedicini, E. Soresi, S. Scoditti, R. Cioffi, U. Folco, M. Monaco, M. Merlano, R. Rimoldi

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Abstract

Two hundred sixteen patients with unresectable non-small cell lung carcinoma were randomly allocated to receive etoposide (120 mg/m2, days 1-3) either alone or in combination with high-dose cisplatin (60 mg/m2, days 1-2). The patients' distribution and characteristics were similar in the two treatment arms. The objective response rate for etoposide was 7% versus 25.8% for etoposide plus cisplatin (P <0.005). Median progression-free survival in etoposide arm was 3.5 months versus 5 months in the combination arm (P = 0.43). The median survival time for etoposide was 6 months compared with 8 months for etoposide combined with cisplatin (P = 0.87). Significantly more nausea/vomiting (P <0.005), serum creatinine elevation (P <0.005), hearing loss and/or tinnitus (P <0.005), peripheral neuropathy (P <0.005), leukopenia (P <0.025), and anemia (P <0.005) occurred in the etoposide plus cisplatin arm. No statistically significant difference was recorded between the two arms in terms of performance status changes. In conclusion the addition of high-dose cisplatin to single-agent etoposide significantly increased the chance of obtaining tumor response in advanced non-small cell lung cancer at the cost of an increased toxicity without any significant long-term impact on survival and progression-free survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-134
Number of pages5
JournalCancer
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Rosso, R., Salvati, F., Ardizzoni, A., Gallo Curcio, C., Rubagotti, A., Belli, M., Castagneto, B., Fusco, V., Sassi, M., Ferrara, G., Pizza, A., Pedicini, T., Soresi, E., Scoditti, S., Cioffi, R., Folco, U., Monaco, M., Merlano, M., & Rimoldi, R. (1990). Etoposide versus etoposide plus high-dose cisplatin in the management of advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Results of a prospective randomized FONICAP trial. Cancer, 66(1), 130-134. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0142(19900701)66:1<130::AID-CNCR2820660123>3.0.CO;2-P