European cardiovascular mortality over the last three decades: Evaluation of time trends, forecasts for 2016

M. Gaeta, F. Campanella, L. Gentile, G.M. Schifino, L. Capasso, F. Bandera, G. Banfi, M. Arpesella, C. Ricci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background. The circulatory diseases, in particular ischemic heart diseases and stroke, represent the main causes of death worldwide both in high income and in middle and low income countries. Our aim is to provide a comprehensive report to depict the circulatory disease mortality in Europe over the last 30 years and to address the sources of heterogeneity among different countries. Methods. Our study was performed using the WHO statistical information system - mortality database - and was restricted to the 28 countries belonging to the European Union (EU-28). We evaluated gender and age time series of all circulatory disease mortality, ischemic heart diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, pulmonary and other circulatory diseases and than we performed forecast for 2016. Mortality heterogeneity was evaluated by countries using the Cochrane Q statistic and the I-squared index. Results. Between 1985 and 2011 SDR for deaths attributable to all circulatory system diseases decreased from 440.9 to 212.0 x 100,000 in EU-28 and a clear uniform reduction was observed. Heterogeneity among countries was found to be consistent, therefore different analysis were carried out considering geographical area. Conclusions. We forecast a reduction in European cardiovascular mortality. Heterogeneity among countries could only in part be explained by both geographical and health expenditure factors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-217
Number of pages12
JournalAnnali di Igiene
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Cardiovascular mortality
  • Europe
  • Mortality forecast
  • cardiovascular disease
  • epidemiology
  • female
  • forecasting
  • human
  • male
  • mortality
  • time factor
  • trends
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Female
  • Forecasting
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mortality
  • Time Factors


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