European clinical guidelines for Tourette Syndrome and other tic disorders. Part I: Assessment

Danielle C. Cath, Tammy Hedderly, Andrea G. Ludolph, Jeremy S. Stern, Tara Murphy, Andreas Hartmann, Virginie Czernecki, Mary May Robertson, Davide Martino, A. Munchau, R. Rizzo, Christos Androutsos, Harald Aschauer, Gillian Baird, Netty Bos-Veneman, Ariana Brambilla, Francesco Cardona, Andrea Cavanna, Sandra Dehning, Alan EapterLuca Farkas, Julia Gadaros, Elizabeth Hauser, Isabel Heyman, Pieter J. Hoekstra, Anne Korsgaard, Georgina M. Jackson, Linnea Larsson, Claudia Menghetti, Nanette Mol Debes, Norbert Muller, Kirsten Muller-Vahl, Alexander Munchau, Richard Musil, Peter Nagy, Judith Nurnberger, Ben Oostra, Perry Paschou, Massimo Pasquini, Kerstin J. Plessen, Mauro Porta, Hugh Rickards, Renata Rizzo, Veit Roessner, Aribert Rothenberger, Domenico Servello, Liselotte Skov, Gerd Strand, Zsannett Tarnok, Cristiano Termine, Jolande Van Der Griendt, Cara Verdellen, Veerle Visser-Vandewalle, Ebba Wannag, Tomas Wolanczyck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A working group of the European Society for the Study of Tourette Syndrome (ESSTS) has developed the first European assessment guidelines of Tourette Syndrome (TS). The available literature including national guidelines was thoroughly screened and extensively discussed in the expert group of ESSTS members. Detailed clinical assessment guidelines of tic disorders and their comorbidities in both children and adults are presented. Screening methods that might be helpful and necessary for specialists' differential diagnosis process are suggested in order to further analyse cognitive abilities, emotional functions and motor skills. Besides clinical interviews and physical examination, additional specific tools (questionnaires, checklists and neuropsychological tests) are recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-171
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011


  • Assessment
  • Guidelines
  • Tics
  • Tourette

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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