European collaborative study of LH assay: 3. Relationship of immunological reactivity, biological activity and charge of human luteinizing hormone

P. Niccoli, S. Costagliola, M. C. Patricot, B. Mallet, M. Benahmed, P. Carayon, P. Beck Peccoz, J. Calaf, U. Feldt-Rasmussen, M. Moreira, M. Roger, R. Roulier, J. Smitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This report describes the results of the third part of the collaborative study organized by a working group sponsored by the Community Bureau of Reference of the European Community Commission. The aim of the present work was to establish the link between immunoreactivity and biological activity of human LH, thus allowing to determine the antigenic domains of the molecule involved in the induction of the biological effect. The relationship between immunoreactivity and electric charge of hLH was also studied. This work allowed to further apprehend hLH isomorphism and its role in discrepancies observed among hLH assays and clinical status. It also made the feasibility of measuring biologically active isoforms by an immunological method to be assessed. The effect of 36 mAb with known epitopic specificity, was evaluated on both hLH binding to rat membrane receptor and hLH induced production of testosterone by porcine Leydig cells. All the epitopes located on the β subunit were found to be strongly involved in the biological activity whereas 4/9 and 10/18 epitopes present on the a subunit or specific for the holomolecule respectively appeared weakly involved. Assaying biological hLH using immunological method would require that mAb specific for all the epitopes involved in the receptor activation be tested, and thus appears presently unsuitable for routine clinical evaluation. In the previous work some LH immunoassays were found to underestimate LH concentrations (J. Endocrinol. Invest 1994, 17: 397-406 and 407-416). The mAb used in liquid phase in these kits were found in the present work to be directed against the domains of LH weakly involved in the activation of the receptor and would suggest that bioactive LH would be misevaluated by these kits. The immunoreactivity of hLH isoforms separated by isoelectric focusing (IEF) in liquid phase was also determined. IEF allowed to separate three groups of hLH isoforms but none of them exhibited a specific discriminating pattern of immunoreactivity when they were tested against a panel of mAb. It suggests that, in our experimental conditions, the electric charge and the immunoreactivity of hLH were not closely linked.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-267
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
Volume19
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1996

Keywords

  • Bioactivity
  • Electric charge
  • Immunoreactivity
  • Isoforms
  • Lutropin (LH)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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