European Multicenter Study of ET-COVID-19

Federico Cagnazzo, Michel Piotin, Simon Escalard, Benjamin Maier, Marc Ribo, Manuel Requena, Raoul Pop, Anca Hasiu, Roberto Gasparotti, Dikran Mardighian, Mariangela Piano, Amedeo Cervo, Omer Faruk Eker, Vincent Durous, Nader Antoine Sourour, Mahmoud Elhorany, Andrea Zini, Luigi Simonetti, Simona Marcheselli, Nuzzi Nunzio PaoloEmmanuel Houdart, Alexis Guédon, Noémie Ligot, Benjamin Mine, Arturo Consoli, Bertrand Lapergue, Pere Cordona Portela, Xabier Urra, Alejandro Rodriguez, Federico Bolognini, Pablo Ariel Lebedinsky, Anne Pasco-Papon, Sophie Godard, Gaultier Marnat, Igor Sibon, Nicola Limbucci, Patrizia Nencini, Sergio Nappini, Valentina Saia, Valentina Caldiera, Daniele Romano, Giulia Frauenfelder, Ivan Gallesio, Giuliano Gola, Roberto Menozzi, Antonio Genovese, Alberto Terrana, Andrea Giorgianni, Manuel Cappellari, Raffaele Augelli, Paolo Invernizzi, Marco Pavia, Elvis Lafe, Anna Cavallini, Alessia Giossi, Michele Besana, Luca Valvassori, Antonio MacEra, Lucio Castellan, Giancarlo Salsano, Fortunato Di Caterino, Alessandra Biondi, Caroline Arquizan, Julien Lebreuche, Gianluca Galvano, Alfio Cannella, Mirco Cosottini, Guido Lazzarotti, Giuseppe Guizzardi, Alessandro Stecco, Rossana Tassi, Sandra Bracco, Elena Bianchini, Camilla Micieli, Rosario Pascarella, Manuela Napoli, Francesco Causin, Hubert Desal, François Cotton, Vincent Costalat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Acute ischemic stroke and large vessel occlusion can be concurrent with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. Outcomes after mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for large vessel occlusion in patients with COVID-19 are substantially unknown. Our aim was to study early outcomes after MT in patients with COVID-19. Methods: Multicenter, European, cohort study involving 34 stroke centers in France, Italy, Spain, and Belgium. Data were collected between March 1, 2020 and May 5, 2020. Consecutive laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases with large vessel occlusion, who were treated with MT, were included. Primary investigated outcome: 30-day mortality. Secondary outcomes: early neurological improvement (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale improvement ≥8 points or 24 hours National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale 0-1), successful reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction grade ≥2b), and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. Results: We evaluated 93 patients with COVID-19 with large vessel occlusion who underwent MT (median age, 71 years [interquartile range, 59-79]; 63 men [67.7%]). Median pretreatment National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score were 17 (interquartile range, 11-21) and 8 (interquartile range, 7-9), respectively. Anterior circulation acute ischemic stroke represented 93.5% of cases. The rate modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction 2b to 3 was 79.6% (74 patients [95% CI, 71.3-87.8]). Thirty-day mortality was 29% (27 patients [95% CI, 20-39.4]). Early neurological improvement was 19.5% (17 patients [95% CI, 11.8-29.5]), and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage was 5.4% (5 patients [95% CI, 1.7-12.1]). Patients who died at 30 days exhibited significantly lower lymphocyte count, higher levels of aspartate, and LDH (lactate dehydrogenase). After adjustment for age, initial National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score, and successful reperfusion, these biological markers remained associated with increased odds of 30-day mortality (adjusted odds ratio of 2.70 [95% CI, 1.21-5.98] per SD-log decrease in lymphocyte count, 2.66 [95% CI, 1.22-5.77] per SD-log increase in aspartate, and 4.30 [95% CI, 1.43-12.91] per SD-log increase in LDH). Conclusions: The 29% rate of 30-day mortality after MT among patients with COVID-19 is not negligible. Abnormalities of lymphocyte count, LDH and aspartate may depict a patient's profiles with poorer outcomes after MT. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT04406090.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-39
Number of pages9
JournalStroke
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • cerebral infarction
  • COVID-19
  • intracranial hemorrhage
  • lymphocyte count
  • thrombectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

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