European Reference Network for Rare Vascular Diseases (VASCERN) Outcome Measures for Hereditary Haemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT)

Claire L. Shovlin, Elisabetta Buscarini, Anette D. Kjeldsen, Hans Jurgen Mager, Carlo Sabba, Freya Droege, Urban Geisthoff, Sara Ugolini, Sophie Dupuis-Girod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a multisystemic vascular dysplasia that leads to nosebleeds, anaemia due to blood loss, and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in organs such as the lungs, liver and brain. HHT is estimated to affect 85,000 European citizens, but most health care providers have limited prior HHT exposure or training. Outcome Measures were developed and implemented by the HHT Working Group of the European Reference Network for Rare Vascular Diseases (VASCERN), in order to maximise the number of patients receiving good care. The measures specifically target areas where optimal management reduces morbidity and mortality in HHT patients, and were designed to be robust to emerging new evidence. Thresholds are the percentage of patients in particular settings who have been recommended screening, or provided with written advice. The 5 Outcome Measures cover (1) pulmonary AVM screening; (2) written nosebleed advice, (3) assessment of iron deficiency; (4) antibiotic prophylaxis prior to dental and surgical procedures for patients with pulmonary AVMs, and (5) written advice on pregnancy. They are not a blueprint for detailed HHT management, but are suitable for all clinicians to be aware of and implement. In summary, these 5 Outcome Measures provide metrics to identify healthcare providers of good care, and encourage care improvement by all healthcare providers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136
JournalOrphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Anaemia
  • Antibiotic prophylaxis
  • Epistaxis
  • Iron deficiency
  • Nosebleeds
  • Pregnancy
  • Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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