European school of oncology advisory report to the European Commission for the Europe against cancer programme: Oral carcinogenesis in Europe

P. Boyle, G. J. Macfarlane, W. J. Blot, F. Chiesa, J. L. Lefebvre, A. Mano Azul, N. de Vries, C. Scully

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A European School of Oncology Advisory Group has reviewed current knowledge on the epidemiology, treatment and prevention of cancer of the oral cavity. While the major factors in the aetiology of such cancers are thought to be well understood, i.e. tobacco and alcohol consumption, current increases in the occurrence of the disease, especially in young adults throughout Europe, are cause for concern. The reasons for such increases are not clearly evident and the Advisory Group has suggested further work which is required to be carried out to understand the aetiology. In treatment of the disease there have been no major improvements in survival for patients in recent decades and the importance of examining new radiotherapy modalities and defining the role of chemotherapy is emphasized. Primary prevention of oral cancer could be achieved by stopping smoking tobacco, limiting alcohol consumption to a minimum (2-3 drinks per day) and increasing intake of fruits and vegetables. To supplement these actions, while neither population screening programmes nor screening trials could be recommended by the Advisory Group, initial chemoprevention trials have produced some promising results and this represents an interesting area which is the focus of much current research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-85
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer. Part B: Oral Oncology
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • chemoprevention
  • epidemiology
  • oral neoplasms
  • screening
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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