Background: The European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) was developed to predict immediate outcomes after adult cardiac operations, but less than 30% of the cases used to develop this score were valve procedures. We studied EuroSCORE performance in valve procedures. Methods: We performed a meta-analysis of published studies reporting the assessment of discriminatory power of the EuroSCORE by receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis in adult valve operations. A comparison of observed and predicted mortality rates was also performed. Results: A literature search identified 37 potentially eligible studies, and 12 were selected for meta-analysis comprising 26,621 patients with 1250 events (mortality rate, 4.7%). Meta-analysis of these studies provided an average area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.730 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.717 to 0.743). The same results were obtained when meta-analyses were performed separately in studies categorized on reliability of uncertainty estimation: in the seven studies reporting reliable uncertainty estimation (8175 patients with 358 events; mortality rate, 4.4%), the ROC curve provided an average AUC value of 0.724 (95% CI, 0.699 to 0.749). The five studies not reporting reliable uncertainty estimation (18,446 patients with 892 events; mortality rate, 4.8%) had an average AUC of 0.732 (95% CI, 0.717 to 0.747). We documented a constant trend to overpredict mortality by EuroSCORE, both in the additive and especially in the logistic form. Conclusions: The EuroSCORE has low discrimination ability for valve surgery, and it sensibly overpredicts risk. Alternative risk scoring algorithms should be seriously considered.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine