Under conditions of activated type III secretion Shigella flexneri up-regulates the expression of numerous genes, including the virulence plasmid (pINV)-encoded ospB and phoN2 genes. ospB and phoN2 are virulence-associated genes which are part of a bicistronic transcriptional unit encoding OspB, a protein (effector) of unknown function secreted by the type III secretion (TTS) apparatus, and PhoN2 (apyrase or ATP-diphosphohydrolase), a periplasmic protein involved in polar IcsA localization on the surface of S. flexneri. In this work we used real-time PCR to measure transcription of ospB and phoN2 of wild-type S. flexneri strain M90T as well as of derivative mutants impaired in definite virulence traits. The results obtained confirmed and extended previous reports indicating that the expression of ospB and phoN2 genes is modulated in a virB-dependent, mxiE-independent manner under conditions of non-activated secretion, while their expression is considerably induced in a mxiE-dependent manner under conditions of activated secretion. That the expression of the ospB-phoN2 operon is up-regulated in condition of activated secretion, indicates that probably the expression of these two genes might be important, especially during the later stages of infection of S. flexneri.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2008|
- Real-time PCR
- Shigella flexneri
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy