Evaluation of a systems biology approach to identify pharmacological correctors of the mutant CFTR chloride channel

Emanuela Pesce, Giulia Gorrieri, Francesco Sirci, Francesco Napolitano, Diego Carrella, Emanuela Caci, Valeria Tomati, Olga Zegarra Moran, Diego Di Bernardo, Luis Juan V Galietta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Mistrafficking of CFTR protein caused by F508del, the most frequent mutation in cystic fibrosis (CF), can be corrected by cell incubation at low temperature, an effect that may be mediated by altered expression of proteostasis genes.

METHODS: To identify small molecules mimicking low temperature, we compared gene expression profiles of cells kept at 27°C with those previously generated from more than 1300 compounds. The resulting candidates were tested with a functional assay on a bronchial epithelial cell line.

RESULTS: We found that anti-inflammatory glucocorticoids, such as mometasone, budesonide, and fluticasone, increased mutant CFTR function. However, this activity was not confirmed in primary bronchial epithelial cells. Actually, glucocorticoids enhanced Na(+) absorption, an effect that could further impair mucociliary clearance in CF airways.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that rescue of F508del-CFTR by low temperature cannot be easily mimicked by small molecules and that compounds with closer transcriptional and functional effects need to be found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-35
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cystic Fibrosis
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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    Pesce, E., Gorrieri, G., Sirci, F., Napolitano, F., Carrella, D., Caci, E., Tomati, V., Zegarra Moran, O., Di Bernardo, D., & Galietta, L. J. V. (2016). Evaluation of a systems biology approach to identify pharmacological correctors of the mutant CFTR chloride channel. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 15(4), 425-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcf.2016.02.009