Evaluation of acromegaly treatment direct costs with respect to biochemical control and follow-up length

Francesco Cocchiara, Claudia Campana, Federica Nista, Giuliana Corica, Marco Ceraudo, Angelo Milioto, Diego Criminelli Rossi, Gianluigi Zona, Diego Ferone, Federico Gatto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Acromegaly is a severe chronic endocrine disease. Achieving biochemical control often needs a multimodal treatment approach, including prolonged medical treatment. Aim of the study is to evaluate the burden of treatment direct costs with respect to the different therapeutic strategies, disease control, and follow-up length. Methods: Single center retrospective study on 73 acromegaly patients. Costs of acromegaly treatments were computed based on a detailed revision of patients’ clinical charts. Results: Median total treatment cost/patient was €47,343 during the entire follow-up (8 years), while median treatment cost/patient/year was €6811. The majority of patients received medical therapy (71/73, 97.3%). Median cost for first-line medical treatment (first-generation somatostatin receptor ligands) was lower compared to second-line treatments (pegvisomant monotherapy or combination therapies), considering both total (€22,824 vs €76,140; p < 0.001), and yearly cost/patient (€4927 vs €9161; p < 0.001). Sixty patients (82.2%) reached biochemical control at last follow-up (IGF-1 ≤ 1 xULN). The percentage of patients treated with first- or second-line medical therapies was comparable between controlled and uncontrolled patients (p = 1.000), and the yearly cost/patient did not significantly differ between the two groups (€6936 vs €6680; p = 0.829). Follow-up duration was significantly longer in controlled patients compared to the uncontrolled ones (8.7 vs 3.5 years; p = 0.019). Conclusions: Direct costs for the management of acromegaly have a significant burden on the healthcare systems. However, more than 80% of our patients reached biochemical control using multimodal approaches. Treatment modalities and yearly costs did not significantly differ between controlled and uncontrolled patients, while follow-up length represented a major determinant of biochemical outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Acromegaly
  • Biochemical control
  • Direct costs
  • Follow-up
  • Healthcare
  • Medical therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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