Evaluation of acute toxicities associated with autologous peripheral blood progenitor cell reinfusion in patients undergoing high-dose chemotherapy

P. F. Ferrucci, A. Martinoni, E. Cocorocchio, M. Civelli, S. Cinieri, D. Cardinale, F. A. Peccatori, G. Lamantia, A. Agazzi, C. Corsini, F. Tealdo, C. Florentini, C. M. Cipolla, G. Martinelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Peripheral blood progenitor cell reinfusion (PBPC) in patients undergoing high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) for poor prognosis malignancies, has been described as causing possible acute, gastrointestinal (nausea, vomiting), allergic (oedema, bronchospasm, anaphylaxis), renal (proteinuria, haematuria) and/or cardiovascular (hypotension, arrhythmia, conduction disturbances, transient ischaemic phenomena) toxicities. To establish the clinical relevance of these observations and the possible relationship with different HDC regimens used, we performed a clinical and instrumental evaluation on 33 patients with advanced breast cancer, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, relapsed ovarian cancer, Ewing's sarcoma, extragonadal germinal tumour and small cell lung cancer. They underwent at least one reinfusion each for a total of 51 studied procedures. No patient had a previous history of cardiovascular disease or significant intercurrent illness such as diabetes or liver, renal or neurologic impairment. All patients had totally implanted central venous catheters, through which the transplants had been collected and reinfused without technical consequences. To evaluate cardiovascular function, we continuously monitored 12-lead ECGs, with arterial pressure (AP) measurements every 5 min from the beginning of the procedure to 15 min after the reinfusion ended. We did not observe any significant differences between basal and subsequent steps in AP, heart rate, PQ and QTc time, P wave and QRS complex duration or P wave and QRS electrical axes. No patient showed any ST-T tract pathological abnormality, but one patient developed a transient ectopic atrial rhythm, without any haemodynamic disfunction and with spontaneous reversion to sinus rhythm. No patient complained of symptoms of haemodynamic failure. Gastrointestinal side-effects appeared to be strictly related to speed of reinfusion and to the number of packs reinfused, probably reflecting on the amount of dimethylsulphoxide infused. In one patient a tonic-clonic seizure occurred during a vomiting episode, but no patient developed allergic or renal toxicities. We conclude that PBPC reinfusion, if managed according to the procedure we propose in patients without organic impairment, is a safe procedure not associated either with increased risk of acute arrhythmias or ischaemic or significant systemic acute toxicities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-177
Number of pages5
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume25
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Acute toxicities
  • Arrhythmia
  • High-dose chemotherapy
  • Peripheral blood progenitor cell reinfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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