Evaluation of average glandular dose and investigation of the relationship with compressed breast thickness in dual energy contrast enhanced digital mammography and digital breast tomosynthesis

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Purpose: To quantitatively assess the dose of Dual energy contrast enhanced digital mammography (CEDM) and digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and to investigate the relationship between average absorbed glandular dose (AGD), compressed breast thickness (CBT) and compression force (CF). Materials and methods: All CEDM and DBT examinations were performed in cranio-caudal (CC) and medio-lateral oblique (MLO) view. Exposure parameters of 135 mammographic procedures that using AEC (automatic exposure control) mode were recorded. AGDs were calculated. Kruskal Wallis test was performed. Results: CBT population ranged from 23 to 94 mm with a thickness median value of 52 mm in CC view and of 57 mm in MLO views. CEDM AGD median value was significatively lower than DBT AGD in each views (p << 0.01). AGD showed a positive correlation and linear regression with CBT for both CEDM and DBT while CF did not show a correlation and linear regression with AGD. The highest values were found for MLO view: R2 of 0.74 for CEDM and R2 of 0.61 for DBT. Kruskal Wallis test shows that there was a difference statistically significant between AGD values of CEDM and DBT in CC view respect to MLO views (p < 0.01). Conclusions: Dose values of both techniques meet the recommendations for maximum dose in mammography. The results of the present study indicated that there was significant difference between AGD for CEDM and DBT exposure in different views (AGD in CC views had the lowest value) and that CBT could influence the AGD while CF was not correlated to AGD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108912
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Publication statusPublished - May 2020



  • Absorbed glandular dose
  • Breast cancer
  • CEDM
  • Tomosynthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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