Evaluation of background parenchymal enhancement on breast MRI: A systematic review

Bianca Bignotti, Alessio Signori, Francesca Valdora, Federica Rossi, Massimo Calabrese, Manuela Durando, Giovanna Mariscotto, Alberto Tagliafico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To perform a systematic review of the methods used for background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) evaluation on breast MRI. Methods: Studies dealing with BPE assessment on breast MRI were retrieved from major medical libraries independently by four reviewers up to 6October 2015. The keywords used for database searching are "background parenchymal enhancement", "parenchymal enhancement", "MRI" and "breast". The studies were included if qualitative and/or quantitative methods for BPE assessment were described. Results: Of the 420 studies identified, a total of 52 articles were included in the systematic review. 28 studies performed only a qualitative assessment of BPE, 13 studies performed only a quantitative assessment and 11 studies performed both qualitative and quantitative assessments. A wide heterogeneity was found in the MRI sequences and in the quantitative methods used for BPE assessment. Conclusion: A wide variability exists in the quantitative evaluation of BPE on breast MRI. More studies focused on a reliable and comparable method for quantitative BPE assessment are needed. Advances in knowledge: More studies focused on a quantitative BPE assessment are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20160542
JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Dec 7 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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