The efficacy of ceftazidime in the treatment of infections in compromised children was evaluated in 80 such episodes occurring in 64 patients with various underlying diseases. Among the patients treated, 9 were newborns with severe neonatal distress, 21 were children with cancer and neutropenia, 8 were surgical patients, 22 had cystic fibrosis and 4 were suffering from meningitis. The following types of infections were treated: 19 bacteriologically documented and 8 possible septicemias (the latter only in newborns and neutropenic cancer patients); 2 severe upper respiratory tract infections in cancer patients; 8 soft tissue or skin infections; 1 cholangitis; 1 pneumonia; 1 osteomyelitis; 1 mediastinitis; 35 infectious exacerbations of underlying pulmonary disease in cystic fibrosis patients; and 4 meningitides. In almost all cases ceftazidime was administered intravenously in combination with an aminoglycoside. In 2 cases it was also given intrathecally or intraventricularly. Bacteriological documentation was achieved in 70 out of 80 episodes. A successful outcome was obtained in 79% of the cases with slight and statistically nonsignificant differences between groups of patients with different etiological patterns in terms of prevalence of gram-positive micro-organisms. Tolerance of the treatment was uniformly good, only one patient showing a mild, transient transaminase elevation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology Therapy and Toxicology|
|Publication status||Published - 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)