Evaluation of cellular immune responses and soluble mediators in patients with chronic hepatitis c virus (CHCV) infection

Emilio Jirillo, Beatrice Greco, Luigi Caradonna, Rosa Satalino, Vittorio Pugliese, Raffaele Cozzolongo, Renato Cuppone, Onofrio G. Manghisi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In 54 patients with cHCV infection, peripheral immune responsiveness and soluble mediator release were evaluated. Results demonstrate that in these patients phagocytosis and killing capacities exerted by polymorphonuclear cells and monocytes were profoundly depressed. At the same time, absolute numbers of CD3+ CD8+ and CD16+ cells were reduced, while the CD4+ -CD8+ dependent antibacterial activity was also impaired. With special reference to soluble mediators, elevated amounts of both soluble interleukin-2 receptor and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 were detected in sera of patients. By contrast, serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α were within normal ranges, whereas interferon-γ serum concentrations were decreased. of note, in 18,5% of cHCV patients circulating levels of bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) were detected by means of Limulus assay. In the Limulus + subset of patients, absolute numbers of CD14+ cells were reduced in a significant manner, this implying a putative monocyte-LPS interaction. In conclusion, the overall results indicate a condition of peripheral immune depression in cHCV patients with an exaggerated shedding of various mediators endowed with noxious effects for the host.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-364
Number of pages18
JournalImmunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pharmacology
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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