Evaluation of chemical and diastereoisomeric stability of S-adenosylmethionine in aqueous solution by capillary electrophoresis

Claudia Desiderio, Rosaria A. Cavallaro, Antonella De Rossi, Fabrizio D'Anselmi, Andrea Fuso, Sigfrido Scarpa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Capillary electrophoresis was used for monitoring the stability of S-adenosylmethionine in aqueous solution under different conditions of storage and incubation used for "in vitro" and "in vivo" experiments, by evaluating both the entity of degradation and the possibility of epimerization at the sulfonium group. The determination of S,S-S- adenosylmethionine in presence of its R,S-epimer and degradation products was performed in uncoated capillary of 50 μm ID using 150 mM sodium phosphate buffer at pH 2.5. The analyses were performed in short or long-end injection modes depending if a fast monitoring of the degradation products or the evaluation of the diastereoisomeric ratio were carried out, respectively. In the long-end injection mode the baseline separation of S-adenosylmethionine diastereoisomeric forms and degradation products was obtained in less than 10 min with efficiency values in the range of 172,520-311,439 number of theoretical plates per meter. The results showed that freezing was the optimum storage mode for S-adenosylmethionine aqueous solutions preserving from degradation and diastereoisomeric ratio alterations. Under incubation conditions at 38°C during 14 days period S-adenosylmethionine showed a strong degradation and the formation of three main increasing degradation products. After 7 and 14 days only the 52% and 32% of the initial drug concentration were available and the active S,S-S-adenosylmethionine form was the most affected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-456
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2005

Keywords

  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • Degradation
  • Drug
  • S-adenosylmethionine
  • Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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