The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of polyethylene terephthalate (Woven Dacron) on the expression of endothelial integrins. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were cultured on the material for 24 h. The integrins VLA-2 (α2β1-CD49b/CD29), receptor for laminin and collagen, VLA-5 (α5β1-CD49e/CD29), receptor for fibronectin, VLA-6 (α6β1-CD49f/CD29), receptor for laminin, and αVβ3-CD51/CD61 (receptor for vitronectin) were evaluated by flow cytometry. After contact with polyethylene terephthalate, a slight but significant decrease in the percentage of both CD29 and CD49e positive cells was observed, which suggests a lower number of cells expressing the fibronectin receptor α5β1. Moreover, a significant increase in the mean channel for CD49b and for the vitronectin receptor CD51/CD61 was observed. The reduction in the fibronectin receptor could account for the poor endothelialization observed in vivo on polyethylene terephthalate. The increased expression of the vitronectin receptor, favoring the migration of smooth muscle cells, could give some information about the pathogenesis of intimal hyperplasia, which is a complication of vascular grafts.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)