Evaluation of epichlorohydrin (ECH) genotoxicity. Microsomal epoxide hydrolase-dependent deactivation of ECH mutagenicity in Schizosaccharomyces pombe in vitro

A. M. Rossi, L. Migliore, N. Loprieno, M. Romano, M. Salmona

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Abstract

The mutagenic effect of epichlorohydrin (ECH) on the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe was studied in vitro in the presence of mouse-liver S9 mix and microsomal and cytosolic fractions. The incubations were always performed in the absence of NADPH-generating systems. S9 mix and microsomes from phenobarbital-pretreated mice significantly reduced ECH mutagenicity, whereas the cytosol did not result in any deactivating effect. The various protein contents of the subcellular fractions were not involved in any scavenger effect as regards ECH mutagenic activity. Moreover, the addition of reduced glutathione to the incubation mixtures indicated that it did not play an important role, either per se or through the enzyme(s) glutathione-S-epoxide transferase(s), in preventing ECH genotoxicity. Our results suggest that microsomal epoxide hydrolase(s) represents the major step in the detoxifying pathway of ECH. These observations were supported by measurements of the specific epoxide hydrolase activity in the various fractions on the same substrate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-52
Number of pages12
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume109
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1983

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Epichlorohydrin
Epoxide Hydrolases
Schizosaccharomyces
Subcellular Fractions
Epoxy Compounds
Phenobarbital
Microsomes
Glutathione Transferase
NADP
Cytosol
Glutathione
Yeasts
In Vitro Techniques
Liver
Enzymes
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Evaluation of epichlorohydrin (ECH) genotoxicity. Microsomal epoxide hydrolase-dependent deactivation of ECH mutagenicity in Schizosaccharomyces pombe in vitro",
abstract = "The mutagenic effect of epichlorohydrin (ECH) on the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe was studied in vitro in the presence of mouse-liver S9 mix and microsomal and cytosolic fractions. The incubations were always performed in the absence of NADPH-generating systems. S9 mix and microsomes from phenobarbital-pretreated mice significantly reduced ECH mutagenicity, whereas the cytosol did not result in any deactivating effect. The various protein contents of the subcellular fractions were not involved in any scavenger effect as regards ECH mutagenic activity. Moreover, the addition of reduced glutathione to the incubation mixtures indicated that it did not play an important role, either per se or through the enzyme(s) glutathione-S-epoxide transferase(s), in preventing ECH genotoxicity. Our results suggest that microsomal epoxide hydrolase(s) represents the major step in the detoxifying pathway of ECH. These observations were supported by measurements of the specific epoxide hydrolase activity in the various fractions on the same substrate.",
author = "Rossi, {A. M.} and L. Migliore and N. Loprieno and M. Romano and M. Salmona",
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T1 - Evaluation of epichlorohydrin (ECH) genotoxicity. Microsomal epoxide hydrolase-dependent deactivation of ECH mutagenicity in Schizosaccharomyces pombe in vitro

AU - Rossi, A. M.

AU - Migliore, L.

AU - Loprieno, N.

AU - Romano, M.

AU - Salmona, M.

PY - 1983

Y1 - 1983

N2 - The mutagenic effect of epichlorohydrin (ECH) on the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe was studied in vitro in the presence of mouse-liver S9 mix and microsomal and cytosolic fractions. The incubations were always performed in the absence of NADPH-generating systems. S9 mix and microsomes from phenobarbital-pretreated mice significantly reduced ECH mutagenicity, whereas the cytosol did not result in any deactivating effect. The various protein contents of the subcellular fractions were not involved in any scavenger effect as regards ECH mutagenic activity. Moreover, the addition of reduced glutathione to the incubation mixtures indicated that it did not play an important role, either per se or through the enzyme(s) glutathione-S-epoxide transferase(s), in preventing ECH genotoxicity. Our results suggest that microsomal epoxide hydrolase(s) represents the major step in the detoxifying pathway of ECH. These observations were supported by measurements of the specific epoxide hydrolase activity in the various fractions on the same substrate.

AB - The mutagenic effect of epichlorohydrin (ECH) on the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe was studied in vitro in the presence of mouse-liver S9 mix and microsomal and cytosolic fractions. The incubations were always performed in the absence of NADPH-generating systems. S9 mix and microsomes from phenobarbital-pretreated mice significantly reduced ECH mutagenicity, whereas the cytosol did not result in any deactivating effect. The various protein contents of the subcellular fractions were not involved in any scavenger effect as regards ECH mutagenic activity. Moreover, the addition of reduced glutathione to the incubation mixtures indicated that it did not play an important role, either per se or through the enzyme(s) glutathione-S-epoxide transferase(s), in preventing ECH genotoxicity. Our results suggest that microsomal epoxide hydrolase(s) represents the major step in the detoxifying pathway of ECH. These observations were supported by measurements of the specific epoxide hydrolase activity in the various fractions on the same substrate.

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