Evaluation of exposure to PAHs in asphalt workers by environmental and biological monitoring

Laura Campo, Marina Buratti, Silvia Fustinoni, Piero E. Cirla, Irene Martinotti, Omar Longhi, Domenico Cavallo, Vito Foà

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In the present article we assessed exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Italian asphalt workers (AW, n = 100), exposed to bitumen fumes and diesel exhausts, and in roadside construction workers (CW, n = 47), exposed to diesel exhausts, by means of environmental and biological monitoring. 1-Hydroxypyrene (OH-Py) was determined in urine spot samples collected, respectively, after 2 days of vacation (baseline), before, and at the end of the monitored work shift, in the second part of the workweek. Median airborne levels during the work shift of 15 PAHs (both vapor and particulate phases), from naphthalene (NAP) to indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene, ranged from below 0.03 to 426 ng/m3. Median excretion values of OH-Py in baseline, before- and end-shift samples were 228, 402, and 690 ng/L for AW and 260, 304, and 378 ng/L for CW. Lower values were found in nonsmokers compared to smokers (e.g., in AW 565 and 781 versus 252 and 506 ng/L in before-shift and end-shift samples, respectively). In all subjects a weak correlation between personal exposure to the sum of airborne 15 PAHs and OH-Py was observed (r = 0.30). The results of this article show that AW experienced a moderate occupational exposure to airborne PAHs, resulting in a significant increase of urinary OH-Py during the workday and the workweek. The contribution of working activities to internal dose was in the same order of magnitude of the contribution of cigarette smoking.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Pages405-420
Number of pages16
Volume1076
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2006

Publication series

NameAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume1076
ISSN (Print)00778923
ISSN (Electronic)17496632

Keywords

  • 1-hydroxypyrene
  • Asphalt workers
  • Biological monitoring
  • Bitumen fumes
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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  • Cite this

    Campo, L., Buratti, M., Fustinoni, S., Cirla, P. E., Martinotti, I., Longhi, O., Cavallo, D., & Foà, V. (2006). Evaluation of exposure to PAHs in asphalt workers by environmental and biological monitoring. In Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (Vol. 1076, pp. 405-420). (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences; Vol. 1076). https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1371.013