Objective: The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of the use of opiates and cocaine in an urban obstetric population by means of meconium analysis. Methods: The newborns in the Department of Neonatology of the IRCCS S. Matteo of Pavia from January to July 1996 were prospectively enrolled. Of the 464 samples of meconium collected 385 were analysed for the detection of cocaine and opiates using the immunoenzimatic method (EMIT). Positive results were confirmed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Results: None of the samples was positive for opiates and 1 sample was positive for cocaine although there was no anamnestic information and no suspicion of drug abuse. Conclusions: These findings show that the cocaine abuse in the examined population is 0.26%.
|Translated title of the contribution||Evaluation of gestational exposure to opiates and cocaine by meconium analysis|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Rivista Italiana di Pediatria|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health