Evaluation of in vitro activity of ceftolozane-tazobactam compared to other antimicrobial agents against Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from cystic fibrosis patients

Giovanni Gherardi, Giulia Linardos, Arianna Pompilio, Ersilia Fiscarelli, Giovanni Di Bonaventura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The in vitro activity of ceftolozane-tazobactam (C-T) was evaluated comparatively to other antibiotics against 188 Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates collected from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Overall, the activity of C-T was comparable to colistin (susceptibility rate: 85.1% vs. 89.4%) but significantly higher than other antimicrobials. Particularly, C-T was active against 70% of meropenem nonsusceptible isolates and 64.1% of those nonsusceptible to beta-lactams. C-T was active against 70%, 58.1%, and 100% of multidrug-resistant, extensively drug-resistant (XDR), and pandrug-resistant isolates, respectively. No differences in C-T activity were found between isolates from children and adult patients, except for XDR ones significantly more susceptible in older patients. C-T and colistin exhibited comparable susceptibility rate (91.1% vs. 86.7%) also against 68 isolates collected during pulmonary exacerbations. Activity of C-T towards mucoid isolates was less than colistin (82.9% vs. 97.6%) but higher compared with other antibiotics. C-T represents a promising agent for treating CF lung infections.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jan 27 2019

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