Objective: The main objective of this study was to estimate the efficacy of influenza vaccination in reducing influenza-attributable hospitalization and emergency room (ER) admission for severe complications and influenza-attributable excess mortality in individuals ≥65 years of age. Methods: We analyzed the ≥65 years-old community (n = 952,822) afferent to the Brescia (Northern Italy) Health Protection Agency, considered an Italian population reference, to evaluate the efficacy of influenza vaccination (seasons 2014–17) in reducing deaths, ER-admissions, and hospitalizations for influenza-related complications in the elderly. Results: A protective effect of influenza vaccination emerged in reducing hospitalization and ER admission for diseases of the respiratory system and for death from all causes in people ≥65 years. The major effect of influenza vaccination was the reduction in risk of death from all causes, increasing with age and comorbidity. Conclusion: Influenza vaccination has reduced the number of ER admissions and hospitalizations caused by influenza-related complications and has prevented death among high-risk groups in elderly ≥65 years, resulting in social and public health cost savings. Stronger or new vaccination strategies are needed to improve vaccination rates among the elderly.
- cardiac disease and stroke
- death from all causes
- diseases of the respiratory system
- Efficacy of influenza vaccination
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery