Evaluation of Intratesticular Lesions With Strain Elastography Using Strain Ratio and Color Map Visual Grading: Differentiation of Neoplastic and Nonneoplastic Lesions

Eleni Konstantatou, Cheng Fang, Odyssefs Romanos, Lorenzo E. Derchi, Michele Bertolotto, Massimo Valentino, Christina Kalogeropoulou, Paul S. Sidhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of strain elastography using calculated strain ratio and visual elastography score in differentiating nonneoplastic, benign, and malignant neoplastic intratesticular lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the hospital review board as a retrospective review of 86 patients examined with gray scale, color Doppler ultrasonography and strain elastography (visual elastography score and strain ratio). Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative likelihood ratio of color Doppler and stain elastography were documented. Receiver operator characteristic curves assessed the diagnostic accuracy of strain elastography to discriminate nonneoplastic, benign, and malignant neoplasms. Histology or follow-up ultrasonography determined lesion character. RESULTS: Thirty-one of 86 (36.0%) intratesticular malignant neoplasms, 17 of 86 (19.8%) benign neoplasms, and 38 of 86 (44.2%) nonneoplastic lesions were confirmed with histology (n = 52) or follow-up sonography (n = 34); 89.5% of intratesticular lesions were heterogeneous or hypoechoic on gray scale, with no difference between benign and malignant. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratio for nonneoplasm versus neoplasm were documented: color Doppler: 68.8%, 97.4%, 26.5, 0.32; visual elastography score: 81.3%, 57.9%, 1.93, 0.32; strain ratio: 68.8%, 81.6%, 3.73, 0.38. Neoplastic lesions showed a higher strain ratio than nonneoplastic lesions (P < .001), with strong correlation between median strain ratio and visual elastography score (Spearman's coefficient, 0.693; P < .001). Strain ratio is a significantly better assessment than visual elastography score for malignant lesions (P = .025). Logistic regression analysis revealed significant associations between size (P = .001), hypervascularity (P < .001), and malignancy. CONCLUSION: Higher strain ratio and visual elastography score are associated with neoplastic lesions and offer an alternative to assess tissue characteristics but do not improve the diagnostic accuracy when compared with the color Doppler pattern.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-232
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Elasticity Imaging Techniques
Color
Neoplasms
Ultrasonography
Histology
Doppler Color Ultrasonography
Sensitivity and Specificity
Coloring Agents
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • elastography
  • strain ratio
  • testicular neoplasm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Evaluation of Intratesticular Lesions With Strain Elastography Using Strain Ratio and Color Map Visual Grading : Differentiation of Neoplastic and Nonneoplastic Lesions. / Konstantatou, Eleni; Fang, Cheng; Romanos, Odyssefs; Derchi, Lorenzo E.; Bertolotto, Michele; Valentino, Massimo; Kalogeropoulou, Christina; Sidhu, Paul S.

In: Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, Vol. 38, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 223-232.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Evaluation of Intratesticular Lesions With Strain Elastography Using Strain Ratio and Color Map Visual Grading: Differentiation of Neoplastic and Nonneoplastic Lesions",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of strain elastography using calculated strain ratio and visual elastography score in differentiating nonneoplastic, benign, and malignant neoplastic intratesticular lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the hospital review board as a retrospective review of 86 patients examined with gray scale, color Doppler ultrasonography and strain elastography (visual elastography score and strain ratio). Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative likelihood ratio of color Doppler and stain elastography were documented. Receiver operator characteristic curves assessed the diagnostic accuracy of strain elastography to discriminate nonneoplastic, benign, and malignant neoplasms. Histology or follow-up ultrasonography determined lesion character. RESULTS: Thirty-one of 86 (36.0{\%}) intratesticular malignant neoplasms, 17 of 86 (19.8{\%}) benign neoplasms, and 38 of 86 (44.2{\%}) nonneoplastic lesions were confirmed with histology (n = 52) or follow-up sonography (n = 34); 89.5{\%} of intratesticular lesions were heterogeneous or hypoechoic on gray scale, with no difference between benign and malignant. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratio for nonneoplasm versus neoplasm were documented: color Doppler: 68.8{\%}, 97.4{\%}, 26.5, 0.32; visual elastography score: 81.3{\%}, 57.9{\%}, 1.93, 0.32; strain ratio: 68.8{\%}, 81.6{\%}, 3.73, 0.38. Neoplastic lesions showed a higher strain ratio than nonneoplastic lesions (P < .001), with strong correlation between median strain ratio and visual elastography score (Spearman's coefficient, 0.693; P < .001). Strain ratio is a significantly better assessment than visual elastography score for malignant lesions (P = .025). Logistic regression analysis revealed significant associations between size (P = .001), hypervascularity (P < .001), and malignancy. CONCLUSION: Higher strain ratio and visual elastography score are associated with neoplastic lesions and offer an alternative to assess tissue characteristics but do not improve the diagnostic accuracy when compared with the color Doppler pattern.",
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T1 - Evaluation of Intratesticular Lesions With Strain Elastography Using Strain Ratio and Color Map Visual Grading

T2 - Differentiation of Neoplastic and Nonneoplastic Lesions

AU - Konstantatou, Eleni

AU - Fang, Cheng

AU - Romanos, Odyssefs

AU - Derchi, Lorenzo E.

AU - Bertolotto, Michele

AU - Valentino, Massimo

AU - Kalogeropoulou, Christina

AU - Sidhu, Paul S.

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N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of strain elastography using calculated strain ratio and visual elastography score in differentiating nonneoplastic, benign, and malignant neoplastic intratesticular lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the hospital review board as a retrospective review of 86 patients examined with gray scale, color Doppler ultrasonography and strain elastography (visual elastography score and strain ratio). Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative likelihood ratio of color Doppler and stain elastography were documented. Receiver operator characteristic curves assessed the diagnostic accuracy of strain elastography to discriminate nonneoplastic, benign, and malignant neoplasms. Histology or follow-up ultrasonography determined lesion character. RESULTS: Thirty-one of 86 (36.0%) intratesticular malignant neoplasms, 17 of 86 (19.8%) benign neoplasms, and 38 of 86 (44.2%) nonneoplastic lesions were confirmed with histology (n = 52) or follow-up sonography (n = 34); 89.5% of intratesticular lesions were heterogeneous or hypoechoic on gray scale, with no difference between benign and malignant. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratio for nonneoplasm versus neoplasm were documented: color Doppler: 68.8%, 97.4%, 26.5, 0.32; visual elastography score: 81.3%, 57.9%, 1.93, 0.32; strain ratio: 68.8%, 81.6%, 3.73, 0.38. Neoplastic lesions showed a higher strain ratio than nonneoplastic lesions (P < .001), with strong correlation between median strain ratio and visual elastography score (Spearman's coefficient, 0.693; P < .001). Strain ratio is a significantly better assessment than visual elastography score for malignant lesions (P = .025). Logistic regression analysis revealed significant associations between size (P = .001), hypervascularity (P < .001), and malignancy. CONCLUSION: Higher strain ratio and visual elastography score are associated with neoplastic lesions and offer an alternative to assess tissue characteristics but do not improve the diagnostic accuracy when compared with the color Doppler pattern.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of strain elastography using calculated strain ratio and visual elastography score in differentiating nonneoplastic, benign, and malignant neoplastic intratesticular lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the hospital review board as a retrospective review of 86 patients examined with gray scale, color Doppler ultrasonography and strain elastography (visual elastography score and strain ratio). Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative likelihood ratio of color Doppler and stain elastography were documented. Receiver operator characteristic curves assessed the diagnostic accuracy of strain elastography to discriminate nonneoplastic, benign, and malignant neoplasms. Histology or follow-up ultrasonography determined lesion character. RESULTS: Thirty-one of 86 (36.0%) intratesticular malignant neoplasms, 17 of 86 (19.8%) benign neoplasms, and 38 of 86 (44.2%) nonneoplastic lesions were confirmed with histology (n = 52) or follow-up sonography (n = 34); 89.5% of intratesticular lesions were heterogeneous or hypoechoic on gray scale, with no difference between benign and malignant. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratio for nonneoplasm versus neoplasm were documented: color Doppler: 68.8%, 97.4%, 26.5, 0.32; visual elastography score: 81.3%, 57.9%, 1.93, 0.32; strain ratio: 68.8%, 81.6%, 3.73, 0.38. Neoplastic lesions showed a higher strain ratio than nonneoplastic lesions (P < .001), with strong correlation between median strain ratio and visual elastography score (Spearman's coefficient, 0.693; P < .001). Strain ratio is a significantly better assessment than visual elastography score for malignant lesions (P = .025). Logistic regression analysis revealed significant associations between size (P = .001), hypervascularity (P < .001), and malignancy. CONCLUSION: Higher strain ratio and visual elastography score are associated with neoplastic lesions and offer an alternative to assess tissue characteristics but do not improve the diagnostic accuracy when compared with the color Doppler pattern.

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