Evaluation of left ventricular asynchrony by radionuclide angiography: Comparison of phase and sector analysis

L. Pace, S. Betocchi, F. Franculli, F. Piscione, A. Ciarmiello, P. Sullo, M. Chiariello, M. Salvatore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the optimal method to evaluate asynchrony in equilibrium radionuclide angiography (RNA). Methods: We studied 20 patients (14 males and 6 females, age range 25-60 yr) with RNA during atrial and sequential atrioventricular (AV) pacing, which increased left ventricular (LV) asynchrony. Both studies were performed at the same heart rate. Asynchrony was assessed either on phase images, by computing the standard deviation of the phase distribution (SD-P) and by sector analysis. Systolic and diastolic asynchrony were evaluated as the coefficient of variation of time to end systole (CV-TES) and time to peak filling rate (CV- TPFR) in four sectors. In addition, phase values were computed on time- activity curves from the same sectors, and their standard deviation (SD- Psec) was computed. Results: During atrial pacing SD-P was 32.3° ± 6.7° and did not change during AV pacing (32.1° ± 5.6°, p = n.s.). Both CV-TES and CV-TPFR had a significant increase during AV pacing (from 7.7% ± 3.9% to 11.5% ± 6.4%, p <0.01, and from 8.4° ± 5.8° to 12.9° ± 6.7°, p <0.001). AV pacing led to a significant increase in SD-Psec (from 6.3° ± 4.0° to 12.6° ± 9.7°, p <0.05). Moreover, reproducibility was assessed in 15 additional age-matched patients. The results of the reproducibility study indicate a better repeatability for CV-TES and CV-TPFR. Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that sector analysis with calculation of indices of LV systolic and diastolic asynchrony is better suited for quantitation of LV temporal nonuniformity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1766-1770
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume35
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Keywords

  • left ventricular asynchrony
  • phase analysis
  • radionuclide angiography
  • sector analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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    Pace, L., Betocchi, S., Franculli, F., Piscione, F., Ciarmiello, A., Sullo, P., Chiariello, M., & Salvatore, M. (1994). Evaluation of left ventricular asynchrony by radionuclide angiography: Comparison of phase and sector analysis. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 35(11), 1766-1770.