Evaluation of mechanical properties and biological response of an alumina-forming Ni-free ferritic alloy

J. L. González-Carrasco, G. Ciapetti, M. A. Montealegre, S. Pagani, J. Chao, N. Baldini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


PM 2000 is a Ni-free oxide dispersion strengthened Fe-20Cr-5Al alloy able to develop a fine, dense and tightly adherent α-alumina scale during high-temperature oxidation. Despite the high temperature involved during thermal oxidation (1100°C), microstructural changes in the candidate material, a hot rolled product, hardly occurs. Consequently, the good mechanical properties of the as-received material are not significantly affected. Moreover, due to the high compressive residual stresses at the alumina scale, an increase in the fatigue limit from 500 to 530 MPa is observed. Such stresses also account for the high capability of the coating/metal system to withstand more than 1% tensile deformation without cracking. The biocompatibility of the alloy was assessed in comparison to commercial alumina. Saos-2 osteoblast-like cells were either challenged with PM 2000 particles, or seeded onto PM 2000 (with and without scale) solid samples. Viability, growth, and ALP release from cells were assessed after 3 or 7 days, while mineralization was checked at 18 days. This study has demonstrated that PM 2000 with and without scale are capable of supporting in vitro growth and function of osteoblast-like cells over a period of 18 days. Results from this study suggest that the resulting alumina/alloy system combines the good mechanical properties of the alloy with the superior biocompatibility of the α-alumina, for which there is very good clinical experience.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3861-3871
Number of pages11
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005


  • Alumina
  • Biocompatibility
  • Cell culture
  • In vitro tests
  • Mechanical properties
  • Oxidation
  • Steel
  • Surface modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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