Background: The objective of the study was to estimate the antitumor activity of pemetrexed in patients with advanced/recurrent carcinoma of the cervix and to determine the nature and degree of toxicity. Methods: A multicenter phase II trial was conducted by the Multicentre Italian Trials in Ovarian Cancer and Gynecologic Malignancies (MITO) Group. Patients with advanced/recurrent measurable carcinoma of the cervix that had failed one prior chemotherapy regimen in association or not with radiotherapy were treated with pemetrexed at a dose of 500 mg/m2 every 21 days. All the patients had a measurable lesion according to RECIST criteria in a not previously irradiated field. Results: From November 2006 to September 2008, 43 patients were entered by seven member institutions of the MITO-Group. A total of 164 cycles (median 2, range 1-9) were administered. The treatment was well tolerated. More serious toxic effects (grades 3 and 4) included leukopenia in 27.9% and neutropenia in 30.2% of patients. No treatment-related deaths were reported. Six patients (13.9%) had partial responses (at least a 30% decrease in the sum of longest diameter of target lesions taking as reference the baseline sum longest diameter) with a median response of 7 weeks (range 3-27). Twenty-three patients (53.4%) had stable disease (less than a 50% reduction and less than a 25% increase in the sum of the products of two perpendicular diameters of all measured lesions and the appearance of no new lesions) and fourteen (32.5%) patients had progressive disease. Median progression-free survival was 10 weeks and overall survival was 35 weeks. Conclusion: Pemetrexed showed moderate activity against advanced/recurrent cervical cancer that had failed prior chemotherapy.
- Recurrent cervical cancer
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