Evaluation of Rana snk esculenta blood cell response to chemical stressors in the environment during the larval and adult phases

Sergio Barni, Eleonora Boncompagni, Amelia Grosso, Vittorio Bertone, Isabel Freitas, Mauro Fasola, Carla Fenoglio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The assessment of the biological effects on aquatic vertebrate species is frequently employed to monitor water pollution, as it provides significant information on bioavailability and actual concentration levels. In anamniote vertebrates (fish and amphibians), significant correlations have been observed between exposure to contaminants - both natural and experimental - and blood modification. We investigated the changes in some circulating blood cell parameters of green frog (Rana snk esculenta) tadpoles and adults collected at two sample rice fields, one heavily polluted and the other relatively unpolluted. The frequency of eosinophilic leucocytes, mitotic, anucleated and micronucleated erythrocytes was evaluated also regarding the haemopoietic/haemocatheretic and NOS expression of the liver. Haematological indicators in polluted samples were found to be significantly different from controls as regards both larval and adult exposure, and provided information on long-term background pollution of the habitats under investigation. The population of the polluted area showed evident effects of chronic exposure to contaminants, to a degree which could lead to sub-lethal alterations of their health status. The general nature of responses to this kind of stress emphasizes the role of amphibian peripheral blood as a sensitive indicator regarding contamination in aquatic environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-54
Number of pages10
JournalAquatic Toxicology
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2007

Keywords

  • Erythrocytes
  • Erythroplastids
  • Frog
  • Liver
  • Micronuclei
  • Tadpole
  • Water pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

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