Evaluation of safety and effectiveness of factor VIII treatment in haemophilia A patients with low titre inhibitors or a personal history of inhibitor: Patient data meta-analysis of rAFH-PFM post-authorization safety studies

Vadim Romanov, Maura Marcucci, Ji Cheng, Lehana Thabane, Alfonso Iorio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

There is no prospective evidence on inhibitor recurrence among haemophilia A patients with low titre inhibitors or history of inhibitors, and whether or how therapeutic choices affect the risk of recurrence. The aims of this study were to synthesise safety data in patients with moderate-severe haemophilia A and with low titre inhibitors or inhibitor history enrolled in the rAHF PFM (ADVATE) – Post-Authorization Safety Studies (ADVATE-PASS) international programme. The study was conducted in clinics participating to the ADVATE PASS programme. The patient population consisted of patients entering the studies with low titre (≤ 5 BU) inhibitors or a positive personal history of inhibitors. Patients on Immune Tolerance Induction at study entry were excluded. Primary outcome was new or recurrent inhibitor titre > 5 BU. Secondary outcomes were any increase of inhibitor titre not reaching 5 BU; any unexplained change in treatment regimen. Primary analysis was done by two-stage random effects meta-analysis. Secondary analysis was done by a hierarchical Bayesian random effects logistic model. A total of 219 patients from seven studies were included. Of these 214 (97.7 %) patients had been previously treated for more than 50 exposure days. Two hundred ten patients had positive history for inhibitors, nine a baseline measurable titre. No patient presented a primary outcome event (95 % confidence interval [CI] 0–1.6 %). Six patients with previous history developed a low titre recurrence (overall rate 2.2, 95 %CI 0–4.8 %). When any increase of inhibitor titre or any treatment change was accounted for, overall 3.7 % (95 % CI 0 %-8.0 %) of patients experienced the outcome. In conclusion, the observed rate of events does not support the definition of this population as at high risk for inhibitor development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-64
Number of pages9
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume114
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • ADVATE
  • Haemophilia A
  • Low titre inhibitors
  • PASS
  • Switching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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