Evaluation of 18F-fluorothymidine positron emission tomography ([18F]FLT-PET/CT) methodology in assessing early response to chemotherapy in patients with gastro-oesophageal cancer

R. Sharma, P. Mapelli, G. B. Hanna, R. Goldin, D. Power, A. Al-Nahhas, S. Merchant, R. Ramaswami, A. Challapalli, T. Barwick, E. O. Aboagye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: 3’-Deoxy-3’-[18F]fluorothymidine ([18F]FLT) PET has limited utility in abdominal imaging due to high physiological hepatic uptake of a tracer. We evaluated [18F]FLT-PET/CT combined with a temporal-intensity information-based voxel-clustering approach termed kinetic spatial filtering (KSF) to improve tumour visualisation in patients with locally advanced and metastatic gastro-oesophageal cancer and as a marker of early response to chemotherapy. Dynamic [18F]FLT-PET/CT data were collected before and 3 weeks post first cycle of chemotherapy. Changes in tumour [18F]FLT-PET/CT variables were determined. Response was determined on contrast-enhanced CT after three cycles of therapy using RECIST 1.1. Results: Ten patients were included. Following application of the KSF, visual distinction of all oesophageal and/or gastric tumours was observed in [18F]FLT-PET images. Among the nine patients available for response evaluation (RECIST 1.1), three patients had responded (partial response) and six patients were non-responders (stable disease). There was a significant association between Ki-67 and all baseline [18F]FLT-PET parameters. Area under the curve (AUC) from 0 to 1 min was associated with treatment response. Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that application of the KSF allowed accurate visualisation of both primary and metastatic lesions following imaging with the proliferation marker, [18F]FLT-PET/CT. However, [18F]FLT-PET uptake parameters did not correlate with response. Instead, we observe significant changes in tracer delivery following chemotherapy suggesting that further [18F]FLT-PET/CT studies in this tumour type should be undertaken with caution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number81
JournalEJNMMI Research
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Early response
  • Gastro-oesophageal cancer
  • RECIST 1.1
  • [18 F]FLT-PET

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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