Seventy–six chronic bronchitis patients were studied in order to determine the possible presence of disorders in their systemic defense mechanisms. No significant difference in lymphocyte subsets, in serum immunoglobulin and complement component (C3 and C4) levels was found in chronic bronchitis patients compared to normal adult controls. Skin tests for delayed hypersensitivity revealed a high frequency (39%) of hypoergic patients (with 1–2 positive reactions) in comparison to normal subjects. Altered values of many functional properties of both neutrophils and monocytes were demonstrated. The percentage of patients with intermediate (between 1 and 2 SD below the mean of controls) and defective (lower than 1.96 SD) values of chemotaxis, phagocytosis index and Candida killing was about 50%. Phagocytosis frequency and nitroblue tetrazolium reduction frequency were less frequently impaired.
- Chronic bronchitis
- Skin tests
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine