Evaluation of systemic host defense mechanisms in chronic bronchitis

A. Fietta, C. Bersani, V. De Rose, F. A. Grassi, P. Mangiarotti, M. Uccelli, C. Grassi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Seventy–six chronic bronchitis patients were studied in order to determine the possible presence of disorders in their systemic defense mechanisms. No significant difference in lymphocyte subsets, in serum immunoglobulin and complement component (C3 and C4) levels was found in chronic bronchitis patients compared to normal adult controls. Skin tests for delayed hypersensitivity revealed a high frequency (39%) of hypoergic patients (with 1–2 positive reactions) in comparison to normal subjects. Altered values of many functional properties of both neutrophils and monocytes were demonstrated. The percentage of patients with intermediate (between 1 and 2 SD below the mean of controls) and defective (lower than 1.96 SD) values of chemotaxis, phagocytosis index and Candida killing was about 50%. Phagocytosis frequency and nitroblue tetrazolium reduction frequency were less frequently impaired.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-43
Number of pages7
JournalRespiration
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1988

Keywords

  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Complement
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Lymphocytes
  • Monocytes
  • Neutrophils
  • Skin tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology

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  • Cite this

    Fietta, A., Bersani, C., De Rose, V., Grassi, F. A., Mangiarotti, P., Uccelli, M., & Grassi, C. (1988). Evaluation of systemic host defense mechanisms in chronic bronchitis. Respiration, 53(1), 37-43. https://doi.org/10.1159/000195394