Evaluation of the Aptima® HIV-1 Quant Dx assay for HIV-1 RNA viral load detection and quantitation in plasma of HIV-1-infected individuals: A comparison with Abbott RealTime HIV-1 assay

Alessandra Amendola, Marina Pisciotta, Loredana Aleo, Valeria Ferraioli, Claudio Angeletti, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Hologic Aptima® HIV-1 Quant Dx assay (Aptima HIV) is a real-time transcription-mediated amplification method CE-approved for use in diagnosis and monitoring of HIV-1 infection. The analytical performance of this new assay was compared to the FDA-approved Abbott RealTime HIV-1 (RealTime). The evaluation was performed using 220 clinical plasma samples, the WHO 3rd HIV-1 International Standard, and the QCMD HIV-1 RNA EQA. Concordance on qualitative results, correlation between quantitative results, accuracy, and reproducibility of viral load data were analyzed. The ability to measure HIV-1 subtypes was assessed on the second WHO International Reference Preparation Panel for HIV-1 Subtypes. With clinical samples, inter-assay agreement for qualitative results was high (91.8%) with Cohen's kappa statistic equal to 0.836. For samples with quantitative results in both assays (n = 93), Lin's concordance correlation coefficient was 0.980 (P <0.0001) and mean differences of measurement, conducted according to Bland–Altman method, was low (0.115 log10 copies/ml). The Aptima HIV quantified the WHO 3rd HIV-1 International Standard diluted from 2000 to 31 cp/ml (5,700–88 IU/ml) at expected values with excellent linearity (R2 > 0.970) and showed higher sensitivity compared to RealTime being able to detect HIV-1 RNA in 10 out of 10 replicates containing down to 7 cp/ml (20 IU/ml). Reproducibility was very high, even at low HIV-1 RNA values. The Aptima HIV was able to detect and accurately quantify all the main HIV-1 subtypes in both reference panels and clinical samples. Besides excellent performance, Aptima HIV shows full automation, ease of use, and improved workflow compared to RealTime. J. Med. Virol. 88:1535–1544, 2016.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1535-1544
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Medical Virology
Volume88
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • Aptima HIV-1 Quant Dx assay
  • HIV-1 RNA quantitation
  • viral load
  • WHO 3rd HIV-1 International Standard
  • WHO International Reference Panel for HIV-1 Subtypes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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