Evaluation of the Cross-reactivity of Antidrug Antibodies to CT-P13 and Infliximab Reference Product (Remicade): An Analysis Using Immunoassays Tagged with Both Agents

Walter Reinisch, Jørgen Jahnsen, Stefan Schreiber, Silvio Danese, Julián Panés, Alejandro Balsa, Won Park, Ji Soo Kim, Jee Un Lee, Dae Hyun Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: During two pivotal clinical trials of the infliximab biosimilar CT-P13 (PLANETAS and PLANETRA), antidrug antibodies (ADAs) and neutralising antibodies (NAbs) were detected in the sera of patients treated with CT-P13 and the reference product (RP; Remicade). Objective: The aim was to assess the comparability of Remicade- and CT-P13-tagged immunoassays for the detection of ADAs and NAbs using data from these trials, in order to determine the cross-reactivity of CT-P13 and RP ADAs. Methods: Sera from patients with rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis were analysed using an electrochemiluminescence (ECL) bridging assay or Gyros immunoassay, tagged with Remicade or CT-P13 at screening, weeks 14, 30 and 54, and the end of study visit. NAb titre was compared at screening and weeks 14 and 30. The proportion of cross-reactive samples was determined and an inter-rater agreement analysis performed to assess the concordance of results between assays. Results: In PLANETAS, 93.1% (94/101) of RP ADA-positive samples and 93.0% (93/100) of RP NAb-positive samples cross-reacted with CT-P13; 99.0% (103/104) of CT-P13 ADA-positive and 98.0% (98/100) of CT-P13 NAb-positive samples cross-reacted with the RP. In PLANETRA, 94.7% (426/450) of RP ADA-positive samples and 94.3% (415/440) of RP NAb-positive samples cross-reacted with CT-P13, and 96.6% (458/474) of CT-P13 ADA-positive and 96.4% (452/469) of CT-P13 NAb-positive samples cross-reacted with the RP. In both studies, there was strong agreement in outcome between assays at all post-screening time points (PLANETAS: Cohen’s κ 0.89–0.98 for ADA, 0.86–0.98 for NAb; PLANETRA: 0.92–0.94 for both ADA and NAb, all p < 0.001). Significant concordance between assays was observed for NAb titre at weeks 14 and 30 (PLANETAS: Spearman’s ρ 0.73 and 0.74, respectively; PLANETRA: 0.61 and 0.72, respectively; all p < 0.001). Conclusions: This study has demonstrated that ADAs and NAbs against CT-P13 and RP are cross-reactive, indicating that CT-P13 and RP share immunodominant epitopes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-237
Number of pages15
JournalBioDrugs
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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